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Common contact allergens in children

Common contact allergens in children
Allergen Description Source Clinical distribution
Urushiol Poison ivy, oak, sumac Poison ivy, oak, sumac Linear pattern
Nickel Metal Jewelry, buckles, clothing snaps Earlobes, neck, wrist periumbilical, base of fingers
Neomycin Topical antibiotic Topical medications Sites of healing wounds, ear canal
Potassium dichromate Tanning agent Leather, shoes Dorsum of feet
Thimerosal Preservative Topical medications Face and eyelids, healing wounds
Myroxylon pereirae (Balsam of Peru) Fragrance Perfumes, soaps, cosmetics, moisturizers Axillae, neck, face, eyelids, site of application of moisturizer
Formaldehyde Preservative Topical medications, creams, lotions, shampoo Face, eyelids, axillae, hairline
Quaternium 15 Preservative Topical medications, creams, lotions Face, eyelids, axillae
Colophony Sticky substance from pine and spruce tree trunks Adhesives, glues, sealants, cosmetics, soaps Axillae, neck, face, eyelids
p-tert-butylphenol formaldehyde Resin Leather glues, adhesives, watch straps Shoes, tape-distribution
Wool alcohol Lanolin Soaps, emollients, topical medications, cosmetics Face, hands
Adapted from Hogan PA, Weston WL. Allergic contact dermatitis in children. Pediatr Rev 1993; 14:240.
Graphic 58364 Version 2.0

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