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تعداد ایتم قابل مشاهده باقیمانده : 4 مورد

Lexicomp clinical abbreviations and age group definitions

Lexicomp clinical abbreviations and age group definitions

NOTE: Age group definitions used in Lexicomp are provided at the end of this table.

Country code definitions used in the "Brand Names: International" field of Lexicomp are provided in a separate table available in the international brand names field of each monograph.
Abbreviation Meaning Abbreviation Meaning Abbreviation Meaning
Abbreviations, acronyms, and symbols that may be used in Lexicomp*
½NS 0.45% sodium chloride EEG Electroencephalogram NSCLC Non-small cell lung cancer
5-HT 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) EF Ejection fraction NSTEMI Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction
AACT American Academy of Clinical Toxicology EG Ethylene glycol NYHA New York Heart Association
AAP American Academy of Pediatrics EGA Estimated gestational age OA Osteoarthritis
AAPC Antibiotic-associated pseudomembranous colitis EIA Enzyme immunoassay OAT Organic anion transporter
ABCB1 ATP-binding cassette sub-family B member 1 (also known as P-gP or MDR1) ELBW Extremely low birth weight OCD Obsessive-compulsive disorder
ABCC2 ATP-binding cassette sub-family C member 2 (also known as MRP2) ELISA Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay OCT Organic cation transporter
ABCG2 ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2 (also known as BCRP) EPS Extrapyramidal side effects OHSS Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
ABG Arterial blood gases ESR Erythrocyte sedimentation rate O.R. Operating room
ABMT Autologous bone marrow transplant ESRD End stage renal disease OTC Over-the-counter (nonprescription)
ABW Actual body weight E.T. Endotracheal PABA Para-aminobenzoic acid
ACC American College of Cardiology EtOH Alcohol PACTG Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group
ACE Angiotensin-converting enzyme FDA Food and Drug Administration (United States) PALS Pediatric advanced life support
ACLS Advanced cardiac life support FEV1 Forced expiratory volume exhaled after 1 second PAT Paroxysmal atrial tachycardia
ACOG American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists FMO Flavin-containing monooxygenase PCA Patient-controlled analgesia
ACT Activated clotting time FSH Follicle-stimulating hormone PCI Percutaneous coronary intervention
ACTH Adrenocorticotrophic hormone FTT Failure to thrive PCP Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (also called Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia)
ADH Antidiuretic hormone FVC Forced vital capacity PCWP Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
ADHD Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder G-6-PD, G6PD Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase PD Parkinson's disease; peritoneal dialysis
ADI Adequate daily intake GA Gestational age PDA Patent ductus arteriosus
AdjBW Adjusted body weight GABA Gamma-aminobutyric acid PDE-5 Phosphodiesterase-5
ADLs Activities of daily living GAD Generalized anxiety disorder PE Pulmonary embolism
ADT Androgen deprivation therapy GE Gastroesophageal PEG tube Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube
AED Antiepileptic drug GERD Gastroesophageal reflux disease P-gP P-glycoprotein
AHA American Heart Association GFR Glomerular filtration rate PHN Post-herpetic neuralgia
AHCPR Agency for Health Care Policy and Research GGT Gamma-glutamyltransferase PICU Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
AIDS Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome GI Gastrointestinal PID Pelvic inflammatory disease
AIMS Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale GIST Gastrointestinal stromal tumor PIP Peak inspiratory pressure
ALK Anaplastic lymphoma kinase GU Genitourinary PIRRT Prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy
ALL Acute lymphoblastic leukemia GVHD Graft versus host disease PMA Postmenstrual age
ALS Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis HAM-A Hamilton Anxiety Scale PMDD Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
ALT Alanine aminotransferase (formerly called SGPT) HAM-D Hamilton Depression Scale PNA Postnatal age
AMA American Medical Association HARS HIV-associated adipose redistribution PONV Postoperative nausea and vomiting
AML Acute myeloblastic leukemia Hb Hemoglobin PPHN Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the neonate
ANA Antinuclear antibodies HCAHPS Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems PPN Peripheral parenteral nutrition
ANC Absolute neutrophil count HCM Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy PROM Premature rupture of membranes
ANLL Acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia Hct Hematocrit PSVT Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
APL Acute promyelocytic leukemia HCV Hepatitis C virus PT Prothrombin time
aPTT Activated partial thromboplastin time HDL-C High density lipoprotein cholesterol PTH Parathyroid hormone
ARB Angiotensin receptor blocker HER2 Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 PTSD Post-traumatic stress disorder
ARDS Acute respiratory distress syndrome HF Heart failure PTT Partial thromboplastin time

American Society of Anesthesiologists - Physical Status (ASA-PS)

I: Normal, healthy patient

II: Patient having mild systemic disease

III: Patient having severe systemic disease

IV: Patient having severe systemic disease which is a constant threat to life

V: Moribund patient; not expected to survive without the procedure

VI: Patient declared brain-dead; organs being removed for donor purposes
HFA Hydrofluoroalkane PUD Peptic ulcer disease
AST Aspartate aminotransferase (formerly called SGOT) HFSA Heart Failure Society of America PVB Premature ventricular beats
ATP Adenosine triphosphate HIV Human immunodeficiency virus PVC Polyvinyl chloride
AUC Area under the curve (area under the serum concentration-time curve) HMG-CoA 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A PVD Peripheral vascular disease
A-V Atrial-ventricular HOCM Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy PVR Peripheral vascular resistance
AVNRT Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia HPA Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal QTc Corrected QT interval
AVRT Atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia HPLC High performance liquid chromatography QTc-F Corrected QT interval - Fridericia
BCRP Breast cancer resistance protein HSV Herpes simplex virus R Ringer's injection
BDI Beck Depression Inventory HTC Hematopoietic cell transplantation RA Rheumatoid arthritis
BEC Blood ethanol concentration HTN Hypertension RAP Right arterial pressure
BLS Basic life support HUS Hemolytic uremic syndrome RDA Recommended daily allowance
BMI Body mass index IBD Inflammatory bowel disease REM Rapid eye movement
BMT Bone marrow transplant IBS Irritable bowel syndrome REMS Risk evaluation and mitigation strategies
BP Blood pressure IBW Ideal body weight RIA Radioimmunoassay
BPD Bronchopulmonary disease or dysplasia ICD Implantable cardioverter defibrillator RNA Ribonucleic acid
BPH Benign prostatic hyperplasia ICH Intracranial hemorrhage RPLS Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome
BPRS Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale ICP Intracranial pressure RSV Respiratory syncytial virus
BSA Body surface area IDDM Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus SA Sinoatrial
BSEP Bile salt export pump IDSA Infectious Diseases Society of America SAD Seasonal affective disorder
BUN Blood urea nitrogen IgG Immune globulin G SAH Subarachnoid hemorrhage
CABG Coronary artery bypass graft IM Intramuscular SBE Subacute bacterial endocarditis
CAD Coronary artery disease ILCOR International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation SBP Systolic blood pressure
CADD Computer ambulatory drug delivery INR International normalized ratio Scr Serum creatinine
cAMP Cyclic adenosine monophosphate Int. unit International unit SCLC Small cell lung cancer
CAN Canadian I.O. or IO Intraosseous SERM Selective estrogen receptor modulator
CAPD Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis I & O Input and output SGA Small for gestational age
CAS Chemical abstract service IOP Intraocular pressure SGOT Serum glutamic oxaloacetic aminotransferase
CBC Complete blood count IQ Intelligence quotient SGPT Serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase
CBT Cognitive behavioral therapy I.T. or IT Intrathecal SI International System of Units or Systeme international d'Unites
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ITP Immune thrombocytopenia SIADH Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion
CF Cystic fibrosis IUGR Intrauterine growth retardation SIDS Sudden infant death syndrome
CFC Chlorofluorocarbons IV Intravenous SL Sodium lactate
CGI Clinical Global Impression IVH Intraventricular hemorrhage SLCO1B1 Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1
CHD Coronary heart disease IVP Intravenous push SLE Systemic lupus erythematosus
CHF Congestive heart failure; chronic heart failure IVPB Intravenous piggyback SLEDD Sustained low-efficiency daily diafiltration
CI Cardiac index JIA Juvenile idiopathic arthritis SNRI Serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor
CIE Chemotherapy-induced emesis JNC Joint National Committee SR Sustained release
C-II Schedule two controlled substance JRA Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis SRI Serotonin reuptake inhibitor
C-III Schedule three controlled substance kg Kilogram SSKI Saturated solution of potassium iodide
C-IV Schedule four controlled substance KIU Kallikrein inhibitor unit SSRIs Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
C-V Schedule five controlled substance KOH Potassium hydroxide STD Sexually transmitted disease
CIV Continuous intravenous infusion LAMM L-α-acetyl methadol STEMI ST-elevation myocardial infarction
Clcr Creatinine clearance LDH Lactate dehydrogenase SUBQ, SubQ Subcutaneous
CLL Chronic lymphocytic leukemia LDL-C Low density lipoprotein cholesterol SVR Systemic vascular resistance
Cmax Maximum plasma concentration LE Lupus erythematosus SVT Supraventricular tachycardia
Cmin Minimum plasma concentration LFT Liver function test SWFI Sterile water for injection
CML Chronic myelogenous leukemia LGA Large for gestational age SWI Sterile water for injection
CMV Cytomegalovirus LH Luteinizing hormone Half-life
CNS Central nervous system or coagulase negative staphylococcus LP Lumbar posture T3 Triiodothyronine
COLD Chronic obstructive lung disease LR Lactated Ringer's solution T4 Thyroxine
COMT Catechol-O-methyltransferase LV Left ventricular TB Tuberculosis
COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease LVEF Left ventricular ejection fraction TC Total cholesterol
COX Cyclooxygenase LVH Left ventricular hypertrophy TCA Tricyclic antidepressant
CPK Creatine phosphokinase MAC Mycobacterium avium complex TD Tardive dyskinesia
CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation MADRS Montgomery Asbery Depression Rating Scale TG Triglyceride
CRF Chronic renal failure MAO Monoamine oxidase TIA Transient ischemic attack
CRP C-reactive protein MAOIs Monamine oxidase inhibitors TIBC Total iron binding capacity
CrCl Creatinine clearance MAP Mean arterial pressure TMA Thrombotic microangiopathy
CRRT Continuous renal replacement therapy MDD Major depressive disorder Tmax Time to maximum observed concentration, plasma
CSF Cerebrospinal fluid MDR1 Multidrug resistence protein 1 TNF Tumor necrosis factor
CSII Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion MDRD Modification of diet in renal disease TPN Total parenteral nutrition
CT Computed tomography MDRSP Multidrug resistant streptococcus pneumoniae TSH Thyroid stimulating hormone
CVA Cerebrovascular accident MI Myocardial infarction TT Thrombin time
CVP Central venous pressure MMSE Mini mental status examination UA Urine analysis
CVVH Continuous venovenous hemofiltration M/P Milk to plasma ratio UC Ulcerative colitis
CVVHD Continuous venovenous hemodialysis MPS I Mucopolysaccharidosis I UGT UDP-glucuronosyltransferase
CVVHDF Continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration MRHD Maximum recommended human dose ULN Upper limits of normal
CYP Cytochrome MRI Magnetic resonance imaging URI Upper respiratory infection
D5¼NS Dextrose 5% in sodium chloride 0.2% MRP2 Multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 USAN United States Adopted Names
D5½NS Dextrose 5% in sodium chloride 0.45% MRSA Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus USP United States Pharmacopeia
D5LR Dextrose 5% in lactated Ringer's MUGA Multiple gated acquisition scan UTI Urinary tract infection
D5NS Dextrose 5% in sodium chloride 0.9% NAEPP National Asthma Education and Prevention Program UV Ultraviolet
D5W Dextrose 5% in water NAS Neonatal abstinence syndrome Vd Volume of distribution
D10W Dextrose 10% in water NCI National Cancer Institute Vdss Volume of distribution at steady-state
DBP Diastolic blood pressure ND Nasoduodenal VEGF Vascular endothelial growth factor
DEHP Di(3-ethylhexyl)phthalate NF National Formulary VF Ventricular fibrillation
DIC Disseminated intravascular coagulation NFD Nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy VLBW Very low birth weight
DLco Pulmonary diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide NG Nasogastric VMA Vanillylmandelic acid
DM Diabetes mellitus NHL Non-Hodgkin lymphoma VT Ventricular tachycardia
DMARD Disease modifying antirheumatic drug NIDDM Noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus VTE Venous thromboembolism
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health vWD Von Willebrand disease
DSC Discontinued NIH National Institute of Health VZV Varicella zoster virus
DSM-IV Diagnostic and Statistical Manual NKA No known allergies WBC White blood cell [count]
DVT Deep vein thrombosis NKDA No known drug allergies WHO World Health Organization
EBV Epstein-Barr virus NMDA N-methyl-d-aspartate w/v Weight in volume
ECG Electrocardiogram NMS Neuroleptic malignant syndrome w/w Weight in weight
ECHO Echocardiogram NNRTI Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor XR Extended release
eGFR Estimated glomerular filtration rate NRTI Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor YBOC Yale Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale
ECMO Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation NS Normal saline (0.9% sodium chloride) YMRS Young Mania Rating Scale
ECT Electroconvulsive therapy NSAID Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug    
ED Emergency department NSF Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis    
Abbreviation Meaning Abbreviation Meaning Abbreviation Meaning
Common weights, measures, or apothecary abbreviations that may be used in Lexicomp*
< Less than g Gram oz Ounce
> Greater than gr Grain pc, post cib After meals
Less than or equal to gtt One drop PM Afternoon or evening
Greater than or equal to h Hour P.O. By mouth
ac Before meals or food hs At bedtime P.R. Rectally
ad To, up to IN Intranasal prn As needed
ad lib At pleasure IT Intrathecal pulv A powder
AM Morning kcal Kilocalorie q Every
AMA Against medical advice kg Kilogram qad Every other day
amp Ampul L Liter qd Every day, daily
amt Amount liq A liquor, solution qh Every hour
aq Water M Molar qid Four times a day
aq. dest. Distilled water mcg Microgram qod Every other day
ASAP As soon as possible m. dict As directed qs A sufficient quantity
a.u. Each ear mEq Milliequivalent qs ad A sufficient quantity to make
bid Twice daily mg Milligram Rx Prescription drugs
bm Bowel movement microL Microliter S.L. Sublingual
C Celsius, centigrade min Minute stat At once, immediately
cal Calorie mL Milliliter SUBQ, SubQ Subcutaneous
cap Capsule mm Millimeter supp Suppository
cc Cubic centimeter mM Millimole syr Syrup
cm Centimeter mmHg Millimeters of mercury tab Tablet
comp Compound mo Month tal Such
cont Continue mOsm Milliosmoles tbsp Tablespoon
d Day ng Nanogram tid Three times a day
d/c Discharge nmol Nanomole tr, tinct Tincture
dil Dilute no. Number trit Triturate
disp Dispense noc In the night tsp Teaspoon
div Divide non rep Do not repeat, no refills u.d. As directed
dtd Give of such a dose NPO Nothing by mouth ung Ointment
Dx Diagnosis NV Nausea and vomiting v.o. Verbal order
elix, el Elixir O, Oct One pint w.a. While awake
emp As directed o.d. Right eye x3 Three times
et And o.l. Left eye x4 Four times
ex aq In water o.s. Left eye y Year
F Fahrenheit o.u. Each eye    
Age group definitions used in Lexicomp (unless otherwise specified within the monograph)
  • Neonate (0 to 28 days of age)
  • Infant (>28 days to 1 year of age)
  • Children (1 to 12 years of age)
  • Adolescent (13 to 18 years of age)
  • Adult (>18 years of age)
  • Geriatric (≥65 years of age)
NOTE: Country code definitions used in the "Brand Names: International" field of Lexicomp are provided in a separate table available in the international brand names field of each monograph.
* Additional abbreviations used and defined within a specific drug monograph or text piece may only apply to that text.
¶ These abbreviations are considered error-prone according to the Institute for Safe Medicine Practices.[1]
  1. The Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP). List of Error-Prone Abbreviations, Symbols, and Dose Designations. Available at http://www.ismp.org/recommendations/error-prone-abbreviations-list (Accessed on February 15, 2021).
Reproduced with permission from: Lexicomp Online. Copyright © 1978-2021 Lexicomp, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
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