We suggest diagnosing minor depressive episodes according to all of the following criteria (A through F).
A. Two to four of the following symptoms have been present during the same two-week period:
Dysphoria – Depressed mood most of the day, nearly every day
Anhedonia – Markedly diminished interest or pleasure most of the day, nearly every day
Significant appetite or weight change
Insomnia or hypersomnia nearly every day
Psychomotor agitation or retardation (observable by others)
Anergia – Fatigue nearly every day
Thoughts of worthlessness or inappropriate guilt nearly every day
Impaired concentration or memory nearly every day
Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, or suicide attempt
B. At least one of the symptoms includes dysphoria or anhedonia
C. The symptoms cause clinically significant distress of psychosocial impairment
D. The symptoms are not due to the physiologic effects of a substance, medication, or general medical condition
E. Persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia) and cyclothymic disorder are not present
F. The mood disturbance does not occur exclusively during a psychotic disorder
These criteria for minor depression are similar to the criteria that are used in the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) for the diagnosis, "Other specified depressive disorder, depressive episode with insufficient symptoms" (ie, the depressive episode is characterized by an insufficient number of symptoms to meet criteria for major depression).
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), American Psychiatric Association, Arlington 2013.
Graphic 106958 Version 1.0
آیا می خواهید مدیلیب را به صفحه اصلی خود اضافه کنید؟