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خرید پکیج
تعداد ایتم قابل مشاهده باقیمانده : 4 مورد

Authors and Editors in Cardiovascular Medicine

Authors and Editors in Cardiovascular Medicine

Editors-in-Chief

N A Mark Estes, III, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Cardiovascular Medicine
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Professor of Medicine
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Bernard J Gersh, MB, ChB, DPhil, FRCP, MACC
Editor-in-Chief — Cardiovascular Medicine
Section Editor — Coronary Heart Disease; Myopericardial Disease
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Sharon A Hunt, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Cardiovascular Medicine
Section Editor — Heart Transplantation
Professor of Medicine
Stanford University School of Medicine
Catherine M Otto, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Cardiovascular Medicine
Section Editor — Cardiac Evaluation; Valvular Disease
Professor of Medicine
University of Washington

Deputy Editors

Todd F Dardas, MD, MS
Deputy Editor — Cardiology
Clinical Associate Professor
University of Washington
Brian C Downey, MD, FACC
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Gordon M Saperia, MD
Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
Deputy Editor — Cardiovascular Medicine
Susan B Yeon, MD, JD, FACC
Deputy Editor — Cardiovascular Medicine

Section Editors

Gabriel S Aldea, MD
Section Editor — Cardiac Surgery
Professor of Surgery
University of Washington
Samuel Asirvatham, MD
Section Editor — Long QT Syndrome
Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
Mayo Clinic
Jeroen J Bax, MD, PhD
Section Editor — Noninvasive Cardiac Imaging and Stress Testing
Professor of Cardiology
Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands
Neal L Benowitz, MD
Section Editor — Coronary Heart Disease
Professor of Medicine and Bioengineering & Therapeutic Sciences
Chief, Division of Clinical Pharmacology
University of California San Francisco
Charles I Berul, MD
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Professor of Pediatrics
George Washington University
Ann Bolger, MD, FACC, FAHA
Section Editor — Valvular and Aortic Disease
Professor of Medicine
University of California, San Francisco
Barry A Borlaug, MD
Section Editor — Heart Failure
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Stephen JD Brecker, MD, FRCP, FESC, FACC
Section Editor — Valvular and Aortic Disease
Chief of Cardiology
Clinical Academic Group
St. George's Hospital & University of London
Hugh Calkins, MD
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Professor of Medicine
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
Christopher P Cannon, MD
Section Editor — Coronary Heart Disease
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Wilson S Colucci, MD
Section Editor — Heart Failure
Professor of Medicine
Boston University School of Medicine
Heidi M Connolly, MD, FACC, FASE
Section Editor — Congenital Heart Disease
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Medical School
Francesco Cosentino, MD, PhD
Professor of Cardiovascular Medicine
Karolinska Institute and Karolinska University Hospital, Solna
Donald Cutlip, MD
Section Editor — Interventional Cardiology
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Harry C Dietz, MD
Section Editor — Valvular and Aortic Disease
Victor A. McKusick Professor of Medicine and Genetics
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Mark H Drazner, MD, MSc
Professor
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
Andreas Eicken, MD, PhD, FESC
Section Editor — Congenital Heart Disease
Professor of Medicine
German Heart Centre
N A Mark Estes, III, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Cardiovascular Medicine
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Professor of Medicine
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
William H Gaasch, MD
Section Editor — Valvular Disease
Professor of Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Tufts University School of Medicine
Senior Consultant in Cardiology
Lahey Clinic
Leonard I Ganz, MD, FHRS, FACC
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Director of Cardiac Electrophysiology
Heritage Valley Health System
Bernard J Gersh, MB, ChB, DPhil, FRCP, MACC
Editor-in-Chief — Cardiovascular Medicine
Section Editor — Coronary Heart Disease; Myopericardial Disease
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Ary L Goldberger, MD
Section Editor — Electrocardiography
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Stephen S Gottlieb, MD
Section Editor — Heart Failure
Section Editor for UpToDate Pathways and Clinical Effectiveness — Heart Failure
Professor of Medicine
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Matthias Greutmann, MD, FESC
Section Editor — Congenital Heart Disease
Head, Congenital Heart Disease Unit
University Heart Center
Derek J Hausenloy, MD, PhD, FRCP, FACC, FESC
Professor
Signature Research Program in Cardiovascular & Metabolic Diseases
Duke-National University Singapore
Gary V Heller, MD, PhD, FACC, MASNC
Section Editor — Noninvasive Cardiac Imaging
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine Morristown Medical Center
Sharon A Hunt, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Cardiovascular Medicine
Section Editor — Heart Transplantation
Professor of Medicine
Stanford University School of Medicine
Allan S Jaffe, MD
Section Editor — Coronary Heart Disease
Professor of Medicine
Professor of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology
Mayo Medical School
Juan Carlos Kaski, DSc, MD, DM (Hons), FRCP, FESC, FACC, FAHA
Section Editor — Coronary Heart Disease
Professor of Cardiovascular Science
Director, Cardiovascular and Cell Sciences Research Institute
St. George's, University of London
Bradley P Knight, MD, FACC
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Professor of Medicine
Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University
Peter Kowey, MD, FACC, FAHA, FHRS
Section Editor — Arrhythmias
Professor of Medicine and Clinical Pharmacology
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA
Patrizio Lancellotti, MD, PhD, FESC, FACC
Professor of Cardiology
University of Liège Hospital
Samuel Lévy, MD
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Professor of Cardiology
University of Marseille, France
Martin M LeWinter, MD
Section Editor — Myopericardial Disease
Professor of Medicine and Molecular Physiology and Biophysics
University of Vermont
Peter Libby, MD
Section Editor — Coronary Heart Disease
Professor, Harvard Medical School
Mark S Link, MD
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Professor of Medicine
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Donna Mancini, MD
Section Editor — Heart Failure
Professor of Medicine
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Warren J Manning, MD
Section Editor — Noninvasive Cardiac Imaging and Stress Testing
Professor of Medicine and Radiology
Harvard Medical School
Frederick Masoudi, MD, MSPH, FACC, FAHA
Professor of Medicine
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus
William J McKenna, MD
Section Editor — Myopericardial Disease
Professor of Cardiology
University College, London
Theo E Meyer, MD, PhD
Section Editor — Heart Failure
Professor of Medicine
Interim Chief, Cardiology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMass Memorial Medical Center
David M Mirvis, MD
Section Editor — Electrocardiography
Professor of Medicine
University of Tennessee College of Medicine
Jae K Oh, MD
Section Editor — Myopericardial Disease
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Brian Olshansky, MD
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Adjunct Professor of Medicine
Des Moines University
Catherine M Otto, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Cardiovascular Medicine
Section Editor — Cardiac Evaluation; Valvular Disease
Professor of Medicine
University of Washington
Richard L Page, MD
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Office of the Dean
University of Vermont Larner College of Medicine
Patricia A Pellikka, MD, FACC, FAHA, FASE
Section Editor — Noninvasive Cardiac Imaging and Stress Testing
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
John Pepper, MA, MChir, FRCS, FESC
Section Editor — Cardiac Surgery
Professor of Cardiac Surgery
Royal Brompton Hospital
Marc A Pfeffer, MD, PhD
Section Editor — Heart Failure
Dzau Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Brigham and Women’s Hospital
Jonathan Piccini, MD, MHS, FACC, FAHA, FHRS
Section Editor — Arrhythmias
Associate Professor of Medicine
Duke University Medical Center
Guy S Reeder, MD
Section Editor — Coronary Disease
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Medical School
Robert S Rosenson, MD
Section Editor — Lipids
Professor of Medicine
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Director, Cardiometabolic Disorders
Mount Sinai Heart
Candice Silversides, MD, MS, FRCPC
Section Editor — Congenital Heart Disease
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Toronto
Anne Marie Valente, MD
Section Editor — Cardiac Anesthesia
Associate Professor
Medicine and Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Isabelle C van Gelder, MD, PhD, FESC
Professor of Cardiology
University of Groningen
University Medical Center Groningen
Gruschen Veldtman, MBChB, FRCP, Dip Obst
Section Editor — Adult Congenital Heart Disease
Consultant Pediatric Cardiologist
Adult Congenital Heart Service
King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre
Freek Verheugt, MD, FACC, FESC
Section Editor — Coronary Heart Disease
Chairman
Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, Netherlands
Edward Verrier, MD
Section Editor — Cardiac Surgery
Professor of Surgery
University of Washington School of Medicine
Stephan Windecker, MD
Section Editor — Coronary Heart Disease
Professor of Medicine
Department of Cardiology
Bern University Hospital
Derek M Yellon, PhD, DSc, Hon FRCP, FACC, FESC
Professor of Molecular & Cellular Cardiology
University College London
Peter J Zimetbaum, MD
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
William A Zoghbi, MD, FASE, FAHA, MACC
Section Editor — Valve Disease
Professor and Chairman
Department of Cardiology
Elkins Family Distinguished Chair in Cardiac Health
Houston Methodist DeBakey Heart & Vascular Center
Houston Methodist Hospital

Editorial Assistants

Patrick Lacey, BA
Content Editor — UpToDate
Peter M Simons, MA
Content Editing Associate ─ UpToDate

Authors

J Dawn Abbott, MD, FACC
Section Editor — Interventional Cardiology
Professor of Medicine
Brown Medical School
Benjamin Abramoff, MD, MS
Assistant Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
Michael J Ackerman, MD, PhD, FACC
Windland Smith Rice Cardiovascular Genomics Research Professor
Professor of Medicine, Pediatrics, and Pharmacology
Director of the Windland Smith Rice Genetic Heart Rhythm Clinic and the Windland Smith Rice Sudden Death Genomics Laboratory
Mayo Clinic
Harry Acquatella, MD, FACC, FAHA
Professor of Medicine
Universidad Central de Venezuela
M Jacob Adams, MD, MPH
Associate Professor (retired)
University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry
Evan Adelstein, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Department of Cardiology
Albany Medical College
Albany, NY
Yehuda Adler, MD
Professor of Cardiology
Cardiac Rehabilitation Institute
Tel Aviv University, Israel
Jonathan Afilalo, MD, MSc, FACC, FRCPC(C)
Assistant Professor
Jewish General Hospital
McGill University
Rajiv Agarwal, MD
Professor of Medicine
Indiana University School of Medicine
Hanna Ahmed, MD, MPH, FACC
Assistant Professor, University of Massachusetts Medical School
Staff Cardiologist, UMass Memorial Medical Center
Gabriel S Aldea, MD
Section Editor — Cardiac Surgery
Professor of Surgery
University of Washington
Barbara D Alexander, MD, MHS
Professor of Medicine and Pathology
Duke University School of Medicine
Thomas Alexander, MD
Head, KMCH Heart Institute, Kovai Medical Center and Hospital
Tarek Alhamad, MD, MS, FACP, FASN
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Washington University School of Medicine
Asif Ali, MD
University of Texas Health Science Center
Cardiovascular Medicine
Gilman B Allen, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Medicine, University of Vermont
Larry Allen, MD, MHS, FACC, FAHA, FHFSA
Professor of Medicine
Medical Director, Advanced Heart Failure and Transplantation
University of Colorado School of Medicine
Joseph S Alpert, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Arizona Health Sciences Center
Richard F Ambinder, MD, PhD
James B Murphy Professor of Oncology
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
Sepideh Amin-Hanjani, MD
Professor
University of Illinois at Chicago
Naser M Ammash, MD
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Medical School
George L Anesi, MD, MSCE, MBE
Instructor of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine
Charles Antzelevitch, PhD, FACC, FAHA, FHRS
Professor and Executive Director, Cardiovascular Research Program
Lankenau Institute of Medical Research, Wynnewood, PA
Director of Research, Lankenau Heart Institute, Wynnewood, PA
Professor of Medicine and Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Sidney Kimmel Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University
Anelechi Anyanwu, MD
Professor and Vice-Chairman, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY
Caroline Apovian, MD
Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine
Lawrence J Appel, MD, MPH
C. David Molina Professor of Medicine
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Sary Aranki, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Ehrin J Armstrong, MD, MSc, FACC
Associate Professor Medicine
University of Colorado School of Medicine
Andrew Arnold, MD
Murray-Heilig Professor of Molecular Medicine
University of Connecticut
Robert M Arnold, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Palliative Care
Section Editor — General Principles of Palliative Care
Chief, Section of Palliative Care and Medical Ethics
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Julian M Aroesty, MD
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Rishi Arora, MD
Professor of Medicine
Cardiac Electrophysiology
Northwestern University-Feinberg School of Medicine
Adelaide M Arruda-Olson, MD, PhD, FASE, FAHA
Associate Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Stanley W Ashley, MD
Section Editor — Pancreatic and Hepatobiliary Surgery
Brigham and Women’s Hospital
Frank Sawyer Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Ritu Asija, MD
Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics
Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Stanford University
Samuel Asirvatham, MD
Section Editor — Long QT Syndrome
Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
Mayo Clinic
J. Wells Askew, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Aarti Asnani, MD
Assistant Professor
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Jon C Aster, MD, PhD
Professor of Pathology
Harvard Medical School
Christine H Attenhofer-Jost, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Zurich
Klinik Im Park, Zurich Switzerland
Phyllis August, MD, MPH
Ralph A Baer, MD Professor of Research in Medicine
Director, Hypertension Center
Division of Nephrology & Hypertension
Weill Cornell Medical College
Eric Awtry, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Boston University School of Medicine
Rabih R Azar, MD, MSc, FACC
Professor of Medicine
St. Joseph University School of Medicine
John R Bach, MD
Professor, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Rutgers New Jersey Medical School
Emile Bacha, MD, FACS
Calvin F. Barber Professor of Surgery
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
Larry M Baddour, MD, FIDSA, FAHA
Professor Emeritus of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Jasmohan S Bajaj, MD
Professor of Medicine
Virginia Commonwealth University and McGuire VA Medical Center
Steven K Baker, MSc, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Neuromuscular Disease Clinic
Faculty of Health Sciences
McMaster University
George L Bakris, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
Section Editor — Hypertension
Professor of Medicine
The University of Chicago
Marie R Baldisseri, MD, FCCM
Professor of Critical Care Medicine
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Rasheed A Balogun, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Virginia
Fermin Barrueto, Jr, MD, FACEP, FAAEM, FACMT
Clinical Associate Professor
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Neal R Barshes, MD, MPH, FACS
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Baylor College of Medicine
Robert Bartlett, MD
Professor Emeritus
University of Michigan Health Systems
Jan Basile, MD
Professor of Medicine
Medical University of South Carolina
Ralph H Johnson Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Kenneth A Bauer, MD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Jeroen J Bax, MD, PhD
Section Editor — Noninvasive Cardiac Imaging and Stress Testing
Professor of Cardiology
Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands
Richard C Becker, MD
Mabel Stearns Stonehill Endowed Professor of Medicine
Chief, Division of Cardiovascular Health and Disease
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
Director and Physician-in-Chief
Heart, Lung, and Vascular Institute
University of Cincinnati/UC Health
Malcolm R Bell, MBBS, FRACP, FACC
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Medical School
Cassandra Bellamy, PharmD, BCPS
Clinical Pharmacy Specialist, Medical Intensive Care Unit
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Lisa M Bellini, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania Medical Center
John F Beltrame, BSc, BMBS, FRACP, PhD, FESC, FACC, FCSANZ
Michell Professor of Medicine
University of Adelaide
Discipline of Medicine
The Queen Elizabeth Hospital Campus
David Benditt, MD
Professor of Medicine
Director, Cardiac Arrhythmia Center
University of Minnesota Medical School
William M Bennett, MD
Medical Director
Legacy Good Samaritan Transplant Services
James R Berenson, MD
Medical and Scientific Director
Institute for Myeloma and Bone Cancer Research
Jeffrey S Berger, MD, MS, FAHA, FACC
Associate Professor of Medicine (Cardiology and Hematology)
Associate Professor of Surgery (Vascular Surgery)
New York University School of Medicine
Caryn Bern, MD, MPH
Professor, Global Health Sciences
University of California, San Francisco
Charles I Berul, MD
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Professor of Pediatrics
George Washington University
Lauren A Beslow, MD, MSCE
Assistant Professor of Neurology and Pediatrics
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania
Steven Bird, MD, FACEP
Professor of Emergency Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Emma Jane Birks, MD, PhD, FRCP
Professor of Medicine
University of Kentucky
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
Section Chief of Advanced Heart Failure, Transplant and Mechanical Support
Gill Heart and Vascular Institute
John D Bisognano, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine, Cardiology
University of Rochester Medical Center
John A Bittl, MD
Munroe Heart and Vascular Institute
Munroe Regional Medical Center
Edward A Bittner, MD, PhD, MSEd, FCCM
Associate Professor of Anaesthesia
Harvard Medical School
James H Black, III, MD
Chief of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy
Johns Hopkins Hospital
Philipp Blanke, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Radiology
St. Paul’s Hospital and University of British Columbia
Ron Blankstein, MD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Donald B Bloch, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Michael J Bloch, MD, FACP, FASH, FSVM, FNLA
Associate Professor, University of Nevada School of Medicine
Medical Director, Vascular Care, Renown Regional Medical Center
Gerald S Bloomfield, MD, MPH
Associate Professor of Medicine & Global Health
Duke University
Michael Bodmer, MD, MSc
Head
Medical Department
Zuger Kantonsspital
Baar, Switzerland
Barry A Borlaug, MD
Section Editor — Heart Failure
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Edward W Boyer, MD, PhD
Director of Academic Development
Department of Emergency Medicine
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Harvard Medical School
D Craig Brater, MD
Emeritus Dean
Indiana University School of Medicine
President
Regenstrief Foundation
President
Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine
Lynne T Braun, PhD, RN, CNP
UpToDate NP Advisory Board Member
Professor of Nursing
Rush University College of Nursing
Alan C Braverman, MD
Alumni Endowed Professor in Cardiovascular Diseases
Professor of Medicine
Washington University School of Medicine
Director, Marfan Syndrome and Aortopathy Clinic
Director, Inpatient Cardiology Firm
Jeffrey A Breall, MD, PhD
Professor of Clinical Medicine
Indiana University School of Medicine
Stephen JD Brecker, MD, FRCP, FESC, FACC
Section Editor — Valvular and Aortic Disease
Chief of Cardiology
Clinical Academic Group
St. George's Hospital & University of London
Daniel C Brennan, MD, FACP
Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
Section Editor — Kidney Transplantation
Professor of Medicine
Medical Director and Co-Director of the Comprehensive Transplant Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology
Johns Hopkins Medical School
Robert D Brook, MD
Professor of Medicine
Wayne State University
David W Brown, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Nicholas A Buckley, MD, FRACP
Professor of Clinical Pharmacology
University of Sydney Medical School
Clinical Toxicologist
Royal Prince Alfred Hospital
Christopher R Burke, MD
Assistant Professor of Cardiac Surgery
University of Washington
Michael J Burns, MD
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Alfred Buxton, MD
Ben-Haim Josephson Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Alida LP Caforio, MD, PhD, FESC
Associate Professor of Cardiology
Department of Cardiological Thoracic and Vascular Sciences and Public Health
University of Padova
Michael E Cain, MD
Vice President for Health Sciences, Dean of the Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences
University at Buffalo, Buffalo
Leonard H Calabrese, DO
Professor of Medicine
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University
Michael S Calderwood, MD, MPH
Associate Chief Quality Officer
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Associate Professor of Medicine
Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth
David J Callans, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Patrícia Canhão, MD, PhD
Stroke Neurologist, Stroke Unit, Department of Neurosciences
Hospital de Santa Maria, Lisboa, Portugal
Christopher P Cannon, MD
Section Editor — Coronary Heart Disease
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Daniel J Cantillon, MD, FACC, HRS
Associate Professor of Medicine
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
Louis R Caplan, MD
Professor of Neurology
Harvard Medical School
Jeffrey P Carpenter, MD
Professor and Chairman
Cooper Medical School of Rowan University
John D Carroll, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Colorado Denver, School of Medicine
Joseph P Carrozza, MD
Vice President
Steward Cardiovascular Network
Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Jeffrey L Carson, MD
Provost, New Brunswick Rutgers Biomedical Health Sciences, Rutgers University
Richard C Reynolds Chair in General Internal Medicine
Distinguished Professor of Medicine
Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
Donald O Castell, MD
AGA Peer Reviewer
Professor of Medicine
Director, Esophageal Disorders Program
Medical University of South Carolina
Matthew A Cavender, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Medicine
University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill
Alessandro Ceschi, MD, MSc, FEAPCCT
Medical and Scientific Director
Institute of Pharmacological Sciences of Southern Switzerland
Head, Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology
President, Drug and Therapeutics Committee
Ente Ospedaliero Cantonale, Lugano, Switzerland
Consultant, Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology
University Hospital Zurich
Elizabeth Chaitin, DHCE
Assistant Professor, Section of Palliative Care and Medical Ethics Services
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Julio A Chalela, MD
Associate Professor of Neurology and Neurosurgery
Medical University of South Carolina
Edward D Chan, MD
Professor of Medicine
National Jewish Health
Dipak Chandy, MD
Professor of Medicine and Neurology
New York Medical College
James D Chang, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Arlene B Chapman, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
Panithaya Chareonthaitawee, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Imran Chaudhary, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
University of Rochester Medical Center
Melvin D Cheitlin, MD
Emeritus Professor of Medicine
University of California, San Francisco
Horng H Chen, MD
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Medical School
Daniel Chernoff, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Radiology
Albany Medical Center
Albert T Cheung, MD
Professor of Anesthesia
Stanford University School of Medicine
Alfred K Cheung, MD
Professor of Internal Medicine
University of Utah School of Medicine
Sanjiv Chopra, MD, MACP
Editor-in-Chief — Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Section Editor — General Hepatology; Gallbladder and Biliary Tract Disease
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Senior Consultant in Hepatology
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Marshall Wolf Master Clinician Educator
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Tushar A Chopra, MD
Assistant Professor Of Medicine
University of Virginia Health System
Vineet Chopra, MD, MSc
Associate Professor
Chief, Division of Hospital Medicine
Michigan Medicine, University of Michigan
Jason Chu, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Vivian H Chu, MD, MHS
Associate Professor of Medicine
Duke University Medical Center
Mina K Chung, MD
Professor of Medicine
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University
Peter F Clardy, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Steven Leigh Clark, MD
Professor, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine
Gilles Clermont, MDCM, MSc
Professor
Department of Critical Care Medicine
University of Pittsburgh
Rebecca Cogswell, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
University of Minnesota
Jordana Cohen, MD, MSCE
Assistant Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology
Renal-Electrolyte and Hypertension Division
Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
Jay N Cohn, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Minnesota School of Medicine
Steven L Cohn, MD, MACP, SFHM
Professor Emeritus
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Felipe B Collares, MD
Assistant Professor of Radiology
University of Central Florida
Wilson S Colucci, MD
Section Editor — Heart Failure
Professor of Medicine
Boston University School of Medicine
Michelle V Conde, MD
Clinical Professor of Medicine
University of Texas Health Science Center
San Antonio
Heidi M Connolly, MD, FACC, FASE
Section Editor — Congenital Heart Disease
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Medical School
Louis S Constine, MD
Professor of Radiation Oncology and Pediatrics
Vice Chair
University of Rochester Medical Center
Stephanie Cooper, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine
University of Washington
Leslie T Cooper, Jr, MD
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science
Ramon Corbalan, MD
Professor of Medicine
Cardiovascular Division
Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
Mary Corretti, MD, FACC
Associate Professor of Medicine
Johns Hopkins Hospital School of Medicine
Karen H Costenbader, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Ethan Cowan, MD, MS
Associate Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine
Icahn Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Filippo Crea, MD
Professor of Cardiology
Head, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine and Thoracic Sciences
Catholic University Rome
Brett L Cucchiara, MD
Associate Professor of Neurology
University of Pennsylvania Medical Center
Rochelle Cunningham, MD
Staff Physician
Mid-Atlantic Nephrology Associates of Maryland, Baltimore, MD
Blanche Cupido, MBChB, FCP, Cert Cardio
Cardiology Consultant
University of Cape Town, Groote Schuur Hospital and Hatter Institute
Donald Cutlip, MD
Section Editor — Interventional Cardiology
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Miles Dalby, MD, FRCP, FESC
Consultant Cardiologist
Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust
Senior Lecturer
Imperial College, London
Allison Dalton, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care
University of Chicago
Peter G Danias, MD, PhD, FACC, FESC
Adjunct Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Todd F Dardas, MD, MS
Deputy Editor — Cardiology
Clinical Associate Professor
University of Washington
Andrew Davenport, MD, FRCP
Director of UCL Centre for Dialysis & Renal Physiology Research
UCL Department of Nephrology
University College London
Matthew S Davenport, MD, FSAR, FSCBTMR
Associate Professor of Urology and Radiology
Director of Body MRI, Associate Chair for Quality
Michigan Radiology Quality Collaborative
University of Michigan Health System
Mark G Davies, MD, PhD, MBA, FACS, FACC
Professor of Surgery and Chief, Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
Medical Director, South Texas Center for Vascular Care
South Texas Medical Center
Sarah D de Ferranti, MD, MPH
Director, Preventive Cardiology Clinic
Department of Cardiology
Boston Children's Hospital
Eric de Groot, MD, PhD
Clinical Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Amsterdam UMC - Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam
Imagelabonline & Cardiovascular, Eindhoven and Lunteren
Adam de Havenon, MD
Assistant Professor of Neurology
University of Utah
Joseph Dearani, MD, FACC
Chair, Division of Cardiovascular Surgery
Professor of Surgery
Mayo Clinic
Malcolm M DeCamp, MD
Chair, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
K. Craig Kent Chair in Strategic Leadership
Professor of Surgery
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
Jeanne M DeCara, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Pritzker School of Medicine of the University of Chicago
Prakash C Deedwania, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of California San Francisco School of Medicine
Christopher deFilippi, MD, FACC
Vice Chair of Academic Affairs
Inova Heart and Vascular Institute
Victoria Delgado, MD, PhD
Cardiologist; Department of Cardiology
Leiden University Medical Center
Shoma Desai, MD
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
LAC and USC Medical Center
PJ Devereaux, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiology
McMaster University
Luigi Di Biase, MD, PhD, FHRS, FACC
Cardiologist, Electrophysiologist, Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine (Cardiology), Albert Einstein College of Medicine at Montefiore Hospital, New York, Section Head Electrophysiology, Director of Arrhythmia Services
Senior Researcher, Texas Cardiac Arrhythmia Institute at St. David's Medical Center
Martin Dichgans, MD
Professor of Neurology
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
H Erhan Dincer, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Minnesota
William P Docken, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Pamela S Douglas, MD
Ursula Geller Professor of Research in Cardiovascular Diseases
Duke University Medical Center
James D Douketis, MD, FRCPC, FACP, FCCP
Professor, Department of Medicine
McMaster University
Thomas Doyle, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine
Richard H Drew, PharmD, MS, FCCP, FIDP
Professor
Campbell University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences
Professor and Clinical Pharmacist
Duke School of Medicine
Frank W Drislane, MD
Professor of Neurology
Harvard Medical School
Raphael Duivenvoorden, MD, PhD
Academic Medical Center
University of Amsterdam
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Shannon M Dunlay, MD, MS
Associate Professor of Health Services Research and Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Paul Durrington, MD
Professor of Medicine
Physician to Manchester Royal Infirmary
University of Manchester
Marc Dweck, MD, PhD
Consultant Cardiologist and Professor of Clinical Cardiology
University of Edinburgh
Kim A Eagle, MD, MACC
Albion Walter Hewlett Professor of Internal Medicine
University of Michigan
Robert H Eckel, MD
Professor of Medicine, Emeritus
Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes
Division of Cardiology
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus
L Lee L Eckhardt, MD, FHRS
Associate Professor of Medicine
Cardiac Electrophysiology
Cellular and Molecular Arrhythmia Research Program
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Matthew A Edwardson, MD
Assistant Professor of Neurology and Rehabilitation Medicine
Georgetown University Medical Center
Brent M Egan, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of South Carolina School of Medicine-Greenville
VP Cardiovascular Disease Prevention, Improving Health Outcomes, American Medical Association
Alexander C Egbe, MD, MPH
Associate Professor of Medicine
Division of Cardiovascular Diseases
Mayo Clinic
Georg B Ehret, MD
Division of Cardiology
Geneva University Hospitals, Switzerland
As'ad Ehtisham, MD, MBBS, FAHA
Vascular Neurology, Stroke & Neuro Critical Care Program
Banner Thunderbird Medical Center
Andreas Eicken, MD, PhD, FESC
Section Editor — Congenital Heart Disease
Professor of Medicine
German Heart Centre
Andrew J Einstein, MD, PhD, FACC, FAHA
Associate Professor of Medicine (in Radiology)
Columbia University Irving Medical Center
Howard J Eisen, MD, FACC, FAHA, FHFSA, FAST
Professor of Medicine
Medical Director, Cardiac Transplant, Mechanical Circulatory Support and Advanced Heart Failure Programs
Director, Diagnostic Cardiology
Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine/ Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Mickey S Eisenberg, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine
University of Washington
Mackram F Eleid, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine
Mayo Clinic
Mitchell SV Elkind, MD, MS, FAAN
Professor of Neurology and Epidemiology
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
William J Elliott, MD, PhD
Section Editor — Hypertension
Professor of Preventive Medicine, Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
Head, Division of Pharmacology
Chair, Department of Biomedical Sciences
Pacific Northwest University of Health Sciences, Yakima, WA
David H Ellison, MD, FASN, FAHA
Professor of Medicine and Physiology & Pharmacology
Oregon Health & Science University
Michael Emmett, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
Section Editor — Fluid and Electrolytes
Chief of Internal Medicine
Baylor University Medical Center
Maurice Enriquez-Sarano, MD
Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation
Scott K Epstein, MD
Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Uta Erdbruegger, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Virginia
Ronald M Fairman, MD
Professor of Surgery and Radiology
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Ronald J Falk, MD
Nan and Hugh Cullman Eminent Professor of Nephrology
Chair, Department of Medicine
Director, UNC Kidney Center
University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill
James C Fang, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Utah
David P Faxon, MD
Senior Lecturer
Harvard Medical School
Reza Fazel, MD, MSc
Associate Physician
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Harvard Medical School
Peter F Fedullo, MD
Clinical Professor of Medicine
University of California San Diego Medical Center
Thomas Fekete, MD
Professor of Medicine and Microbiology
Temple University School of Medicine
David J Feller-Kopman, MD
Section Editor — Interventional Pulmonology
Professor of Medicine, Anesthesiology, Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery
Johns Hopkins Hospital
José M Ferro, MD, PhD
Professor of Neurology
Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa
Stephen J Ferzoco, MD
Chief of General Surgery
Atrius Health
Boston, MA
David Filsoof, MD
Physician
Cedars Sinai Heart Institute
Aloke Finn, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Maryland
Medical Director
CVPath Institute Inc
Paul N Fiorilli, MD
Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania
Frank A Fish, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Associate Professor of Medicine
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine
Marc Fisher, MD
Professor of Neurology
Harvard Medical School
Jay A Fishman, MD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Director of Transplant Infectious Disease and Compromised Host Program
Massachusetts General Hospital
Steven Flamm, MD
Chief, Liver Transplantation Program
Professor of Medicine
Feinberg School of Medicine
Northwestern University
Lee A Fleisher, MD
Robert D Dripps Professor and Chair of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Jessica Fleitman, MD
HVICU director, Penn Presbyterian Hospital
University of Pennsylvania (August 2020)
Patricia M Flynn, MD
Member
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Professor of Pediatrics
University of Tennessee, Memphis
Jennifer E Flythe, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Medicine
University of North Carolina School of Medicine
Michael R Foley, MD
Professor
University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix
Marianna Fontana, MD
Senior Lecturer
Honorary Consultant Cardiologist
National Amyloidosis Centre
University College London
John P Forman, MD, MSc
Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
Deputy Editor — Nephrology
Associate Physician, Division of Kidney Medicine
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Elyse Foster, MD
Professor of Clinical Medicine
University of California, San Francisco
Robert P Frantz, MD
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Jane E Freedman, MD
Professor of Medicine
UMass Memorial Heart and Vascular Center
Neil Freedman, MD
Head, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, Allergy and Immunology
North Shore University Health System, Evanston, IL
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
Rosario V Freeman, MD, MS
Professor of Medicine
University of Washington
W David Freeman, MD
Professor of Neurology
Mayo Clinic
Joy L Fridey, MD
Regional Medical Director
American Red Cross Blood Services, Southern California
Jonathan W Friedberg, MD
Professor of Medicine
James P Wilmot Cancer Center, University of Rochester
Scott L Friedman, MD
Fishberg Professor of Medicine
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Daniel R Frisch, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Thomas Jefferson University
Barry Fuchs, MD
Professor of Medicine
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania
Anthon R Fuisz, MD, FACC
Director of Advanced Cardiac Imaging
Westchester Medical Center
New York Medical College
David R Fulton, MD
Section Editor — Pediatric Cardiology
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Karen L Furie, MD, MPH
Chair and Professor of Neurology
Alpert Medical School of Brown University
William H Gaasch, MD
Section Editor — Valvular Disease
Professor of Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Tufts University School of Medicine
Senior Consultant in Cardiology
Lahey Clinic
David F Gaieski, MD
Professor
Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University
Michael Ganetsky, MD
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Leonard I Ganz, MD, FHRS, FACC
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Director of Cardiac Electrophysiology
Heritage Valley Health System
A. Reshad Garan, MD, MS, FACC
Director, Advanced Heart Failure and Mechanical Circulatory Support
Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology
Alan M Garber, MD, PhD
Provost/Harvard University
Ann C Garlitski, MD, FACC, FHRS
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Eric Garshick, MD, MOH
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Robert Gaynes, MD
Distinguished Physician and Professor
Emory University School of Medicine
Alex George, MD, PhD
Associate Professor, Pediatrics
Brenner Children's Hospital
Wake Forest University
Bernard J Gersh, MB, ChB, DPhil, FRCP, MACC
Editor-in-Chief — Cardiovascular Medicine
Section Editor — Coronary Heart Disease; Myopericardial Disease
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Mark Gestring, MD
Professor of Surgery, Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
University of Rochester School of Medicine
Elsa-Grace Giardina, MD, MS, FACC, FACP, FAHA
Professor of Medicine
Director, Center for Women’s Health
Columbia University Medical Center
Allan Gibofsky, MD, JD, FACP, FCLM
Professor of Medicine, Healthcare Policy and Research
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
C Michael Gibson, MS, MD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Michael M Givertz, MD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Eric Goldberg, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Ary L Goldberger, MD
Section Editor — Electrocardiography
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Michael A Golden, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Pennsylvania
James A Goldstein, MD
Professor of Medicine
Oakland University William Beaumont Hospital School of Medicine
Larry B Goldstein, MD, FAAN, FANA, FAHA
Professor and Chairman of Neurology
Co-Director, Kentucky Neuroscience Institute
KY Clinic - University of Kentucky
Thomas A Golper, MD
Section Editor — Dialysis
Professor of Medicine
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
David Goltzman, MD
Professor of Medicine
McGill University
Senior Physician, Division of Endocrinology and Department of Medicine
McGill University Health Centre
John Gorcsan, III, MD
Professor of Medicine
Director of Clinical Research
Division of Cardiology
Washington University in St. Louis
Stephen S Gottlieb, MD
Section Editor — Heart Failure
Section Editor for UpToDate Pathways and Clinical Effectiveness — Heart Failure
Professor of Medicine
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Christopher B Granger, MD
Professor of Medicine
Duke University Medical Center
Steven M Greenberg, MD, PhD
Professor of Neurology
Harvard Medical School
Michael A Gropper, MD, PhD
Professor and Chair
Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care
University of California, San Francisco
Rishi Gupta, MD
Wellstar Medical Group, Neurosurgery
Wellstar Health System
Paul A Gurbel, MD
Director, Sinai Center for Thrombosis Research and Drug Development
Director, Cardiovascular Research, LifeBridge Health
Professor of Medicine
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Finn Gustafsson, MD, PhD
Professor of Cardiology
The Heart Centre
University of Copenhagen
Amir Haghighat, MD, FACC
Medical Director, Cardiac Catheterization Lab
Bay Medical Center, Panama City, Florida
Rula A Hajj-Ali, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
Meghana G Halkar, MBBS
Mayo Clinic
Matthew Hallman, MD
Assistant Professor
U of Washington Dept of Anesthesiology
MeiLan King Han, MD, MS
Section Editor for UpToDate Pathways and Clinical Effectiveness — COPD
Professor
University of Michigan Medical Center
Hidehiko Hara, MD
Associate Professor
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
Toho University Ohashi Medical Center
Karen Hardinger, PharmD, BCPS
Clinical Professor
University of Missouri-Kansas City
Louise Harris, MBChB
Professor of Medicine
University Health Network, Toronto General Hospital
Kohei Hasegawa, MD, MPH
Associate Professor
Harvard Medical School
Derek J Hausenloy, MD, PhD, FRCP, FACC, FESC
Professor
Signature Research Program in Cardiovascular & Metabolic Diseases
Duke-National University Singapore
Rodney A Hayward, MD
Professor of Medicine and Public Health
University of Michigan
Michele Heath, LP, CCP
Perfusionist
Durham VA Medical Center
E Kevin Heist, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Robert G Hendrickson, MD
Professor of Emergency Medicine
Program Director, Medical Toxicology Fellowship
Associate Medical Director, Oregon Poison Center
Oregon Health and Science University
Charles H Hennekens, MD, DrPH
First Sir Richard Doll Professor & Senior Academic Advisor to the Dean, Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, Florida Atlantic University
Clinical Professor, Nova Southeastern University
Voluntary Professor, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Adjunct Professor, Meharry Medical College and Baylor College of Medicine
William L Henrich, MD, MACP
Professor of Medicine
President of the Health Science Center
University of Texas Health Science Center School of Medicine
Ray E Hershberger, MD
Professor of Medicine (Cardiology and Human Genetics)
Ohio State University
Charles A Herzog, MD
Professor of Medicine
Hennepin County Medical Center/University of Minnesota
Connie N Hess, MD, MHS
Associate Professor of Medicine
Division of Cardiology
University of Colorado School of Medicine
Dean Hess, RRT, PhD
Lecturer
Northeastern University
John R Hess, MD, MPH
Professor
University of Washington School of Medicine
Daren K Heyland, MD, FRCPC, MSc
Professor of Medicine
Queen's University, Ontario, Canada
Patricia L Hibberd, MD, PhD
Chair, Department of Global Health
Boston University School of Public Health
Susan Hickenbottom, MD, MS
Adjunct Associate Professor of Neurology
University of Michigan
Director, Stroke Program
St. Joseph Mercy Health System
Jorge Hidalgo, MD
Professor of Critical Care; Chief, Divison of Critical Care
Karl Heusner Memorial Hospital/Belize Healthcare Partners
John Higgins, MD, MBA, MPHIL, FACC, FAHA, FACP, FACSM, FASNC
Associate Professor of Medicine
The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth)
Ziyad M Hijazi, MD, MPH, FAAP, FACC, MSCAI, FAHA
Professor of Pediatrics & Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine
Chairman, Department of Pediatrics & Director of Sidra Heart Center
Doha, Qatar
Karl F Hilgers, MD
Professor of Internal Medicine and Hypertension Research
Friedrich-Alexander University, Erlangen-Nuremberg
Vice Chair, Department of Nephrology and Hypertension
Erlangen University Hospital
Nicholas S Hill, MD
Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Irl B Hirsch, MD
Section Editor — Diabetes Mellitus
Professor of Medicine
University of Washington School of Medicine
Mark A Hlatky, MD, FACC, FAHA
Professor of Health Research and Policy, Professor of Medicine (Cardiovascular Medicine)
Stanford University School of Medicine
Robert J Hoffman, MD
Medical Director, Qatar Poison Center
Department of Emergency Medicine
Sidra Medicine
Robert S Hoffman, MD
Professor of Emergency Medicine
Director, Division of Medical Toxicology, Ronald O. Perelman Department of Emergency Medicine
New York University Grossman School of Medicine
Udo Hoffmann, MD, MPH
Professor of Radiology
Harvard Medical School
Chief of Cardiovascular Imaging, Department of Radiology
Massachusetts General Hospital
Brian D Hoit, MD
Professor of Medicine and Physiology and Biophysics
Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals of Cleveland
Thomas L Holland, MD
Associate Professor
Duke University Medical Center
Thomas A Holly, MD
Associate Physician
UC Davis Health Specialty Clinic
David R Holmes, Jr, MD
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Munther K Homoud, MD
Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Ewout J Hoorn, MD, PhD
Professor of Nephrology
Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
William Hopkins, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Vermont College of Medicine
Evelyn Horn, MD
Professor of Clinical Medicine
Weill Cornell Medicine/Cornell University
Leora Horwitz, MD, MHS
Associate Professor of Medicine
New York University School of Medicine
Linden Hu, MD
Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
John T Huggins, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of South Carolina
Menno V Huisman, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine at the Department of Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
Robert C Hyzy, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Michigan Medical Center
Massimo Imazio, MD, FESC
Contract Professor of Cardiology
University Division of Cardiology, Cardiovascular and Thoracic Department, AOU Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino.
David H Ingbar, MD
Professor of Medicine, Physiology, and Pediatrics
University of Minnesota School of Medicine
Silvio E Inzucchi, MD
Professor of Medicine
Yale University School of Medicine
Koto Ishida, MD
Associate Professor of Neurology
NYU Medical Center
Ami E Iskandrian, MD, MACC, MASNC
Distinguished Professor of Medicine and Radiology
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Editor-in- Chief
J Nuclear Cardiology
Theodore Iwashyna, MD, PhD
Professor, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan
Center for Clinical Management Research, Ann Arbor VA
Bertrand L Jaber, MD, MS, FASN
Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Elizabeth Jackson, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine
Division of Cardiovascular Disease
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Jesse T Jacob, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine (Infectious Diseases)
Emory University School of Medicine
Allan S Jaffe, MD
Section Editor — Coronary Heart Disease
Professor of Medicine
Professor of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology
Mayo Medical School
Valluvan Jeevanandam, MD
Chief, Cardiac & Thoracic Surgery
Professor of Surgery
The University of Chicago Medicine and Biological Sciences
John L Jefferies, MD, MPH, FACC, FAHA
Jay Michael Sullivan Distinguished Chair in Cardiology
Professor and Chief, Division of Adult Cardiovascular Diseases
Director, Methodist University of Tennessee Cardiovascular Institute
Director, Methodist Cardiovascular Service Line
Professor, Pediatric Cardiology, Le Bonheur Children’s Hospital
Shijing Jia, MD
Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
University of Michigan
Jeffrey Jim, MD, MPHS, FACS
Chair, Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Minneapolis Heart Institute at Abbott Northwestern Hospital
Jonathan Johnson, MD
Consultant, Pediatric Cardiology
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Chair, Pediatric Cardiology
Mayo Clinic
Nicholas J Johnson, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine
University of Washington
Lori Jordan, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Neurology, and Radiology
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Martin F Joyce-Brady, MD
Clinical Professor of Medicine, The Pulmonary Center
Boston University School of Medicine
Christopher Kabrhel, MD, MPH
Professor of Emergency Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Robert M Kacmarek, PhD, RRT
Professor of Anesthesia
Harvard Medical School
Souha S Kanj, MD
Professor of Medicine
Head of Infectious Diseases,
Chairperson, Infection Control Program
American University of Beirut Medical Center
Joseph P Kannam, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Preeti Kansal, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University
Andre A Kaplan, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Connecticut Health Center
Siddhartha G Kapnadak, MD
Assistant Professor, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine
University of Washington School of Medicine
Adolf W Karchmer, MD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Scott E Kasner, MD
Section Editor — Stroke
Professor of Neurology
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Mounzer Kassab, MD
Associate Professor of Neurology
Michigan State University
Stacey M Kassutto, MD
Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania
Carol A Kauffman, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
Section Editor — Fungal Infections
Professor of Internal Medicine
University of Michigan Medical School
David A Kaufman, MD
Associate Professor
NYU School of Medicine
Ann Kavanaugh-McHugh, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine
Electron Kebebew, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
Chief, Division of General Surgery
Harry A. Oberhelman, Jr. and Mark L. Welton Professor
Program Leader, Endocrine Oncology Program
Stanford Cancer Center
Mark A Kelley, MD, MACP
Visiting Scholar, Harvard Business School
Physician, Pulmonary-Critical Care Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital
Harold L Kennedy, MD, MPH
Adjunctive Professor of Medicine and Cardiovascular Diseases
University of Missouri School of Medicine
Morton J Kern, MD, MSCAI, FAHA, FACC
Professor of Medicine
University of California, Irvine
Amir S Khan, MD
Associate Professor of Neurology
UCSF Fresno
Pooja Khatri, MD, MSc
Professor, Dept of Neurology and Rehabilitation Medicine
University of Cincinnati
Michael S Kiernan, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Tufts University Medical School
Stephen E Kimmel, MD, MS
Associate Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology
University of Pennsylvania
Talmadge E King, Jr, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
Section Editor — Interstitial Lung Disease
Dean, School of Medicine
Vice Chancellor, Medical Affairs
University of California San Francisco
Peter Kistler, MBBS, FRACP, PhD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Head, Clinical Electrophysiology Research
Baker IDI Heart & Diabetes Institute
Irwin Klein, MD
Professor of Medicine and Endocrinology
NYU School of Medicine
Steven Kleinman, MD
Section Editor — Transfusion Medicine
Clinical Professor of Pathology
University of British Columbia, Vancouver
Michael Klompas, MD, MPH
Professor of Population Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Bruce D Klugherz, MD
Medical Director, Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory
Abington Memorial Hospital, Abington, PA
Bradley P Knight, MD, FACC
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Professor of Medicine
Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University
Peter R Koenig, MD, FACC, FASE
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University
Sarah Kohnstamm, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Internal Medicine
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
University of Michigan
Daniel M Kolansky, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Marin H Kollef, MD
Professor of Medicine
Washington University School of Medicine
Frank Kolodgie, PhD
Associate Director
CVPath Institute, Inc.
Barbara A Konkle, MD
Interim Chief Scientific Officer
Bloodworks Northwest
Professor of Medicine/Hematology
University of Washington
Marvin Konstam, MD
Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Stephen L Kopecky, MD, FACC, FAHA, FACP, FASPC
Professor of Medicine
Department of Cardiovascular Diseases
Mayo Clinic
Daryl J Kor, MD
Professor of Anesthesiology
Mayo Clinic
Camille N Kotton, MD
Associate Professor
Harvard Medical School
Eugene C Kovalik, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Duke University Medical Center
Andrew Krahn, MD
Professor, Division of Cardiology
University of British Columbia
Christopher M Kramer, MD, FACC, FAHA
George A. Beller MD/Lantheus Medical Imaging Distinguished Professor of Cardiovascular Medicine
University of Virginia Health System
Naomi R Kramer, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University
Eric V Krieger, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Washington School of Medicine
Udhay Krishnan, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Weill Cornell Medicine/Cornell University
Florian Kronenberg, MD
Professor of Genetic Epidemiology
Medical University of Innsbruck
Harlan Krumholz, MD
Harold H. Hines Jr. Professor of Medicine (Cardiology) and Professor of Investigative Medicine and of Public Health (Health Policy)
Yale School of Medicine
Jonathan B Kruskal, MD, PhD
Section Editor — Abdominal Imaging
Professor of Radiology
Harvard Medical School
Kapil Kumar, MD
Clinical Instructor in Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Shana Kusin, MD
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine and Medical Toxicology
Oregon Health and Science University
Luke S Kusmirek, MD, FACC
Associate Professor of Medicine
Director, Drexel Atrial Arrhythmia Center
Division of Cardiology
Blandine Laferrère, MD
Professor of Medicine, Obesity Nutrition Research Center
Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
Roger J Laham, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Roberto M Lang, MD
Professor of Medicine
Pritzker School of Medicine of the University of Chicago
Maarten G Lansberg, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Neurology and Neurological Sciences
Stanford Stroke Center
Anne M Larson, MD, FACP, FAASLD, AGAF
Clinical Professor of Medicine
Clinic Chief
UW Medicine/NWH Hepatology
Northwest Hospital and Medical Center
Richard A Larson, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Hematology
Section Editor — Leukemia
Professor of Medicine
University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
Anita LaSala, MD
Assistant Professor of Obstetrics-Gynecology
Columbia University Medical Center
Carl J Lavie, MD, FACC, FACP, FCCP, FESPM
Medical Director, Cardiac Rehabilitation and Preventive Cardiology
Director, Exercise Laboratories
Harold L Lazar, MD
Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Boston University School of Medicine
Karin Leder, MBBS, FRACP, PhD, MPH, DTMH
Section Editor — Travel Medicine
Head of Infectious Diseases Unit
Monash University
Eudocia Quant Lee, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Neurology
Harvard Medical School
Men-Jean Lee, MD
Kosasa Endowed Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Hawaii
Richard Lee, MD, MBA
Professor of Surgery
Co-Director, Center for Comprehensive Cardiovascular Care
St. Louis University
Jonathon Leipsic, MD, FRCPC, FSCCT
Associate Professor
University of British Columbia & Providence Health Care
Krista L Lentine, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine
Saint Louis University School of Medicine
Amir Lerman, MD
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Thomas Levin, MD
Advocate Heart Institute
Advocate Medical Group
Oak Lawn, Illinois
Michael D Levine, MD
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of California, Los Angeles
Samuel Lévy, MD
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Professor of Cardiology
University of Marseille, France
Martin M LeWinter, MD
Section Editor — Myopericardial Disease
Professor of Medicine and Molecular Physiology and Biophysics
University of Vermont
Orfeas Liangos, MD, FASN
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
David S Liebeskind, MD
Professor of Neurology
University of California, Los Angeles
João Lima, MD
Professor of Medicine
Johns Hopkins University Medical School
Ajit P Limaye, MD, FACP, FIDSA
Professor of Medicine
University of Washington
A Michael Lincoff, MD
Director, Center for Clinical Research
Professor of Medicine
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University
Mark S Link, MD
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Professor of Medicine
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Gregory YH Lip, MD, FRCPE, FESC, FACC
Price-Evans Professor of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Liverpool, UK
Distinguished Professor, Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, Denmark
Adjunct Professor, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea
Adjunct Professor, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea
Gregg Lipschik, MD
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, MD, MSc, FACC, FAHA
Chair, Division of Preventive Cardiology
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Medical School
Jose Lopez-Sendon, MD, PhD
Chief, Cardiology Department
Hospital Universitario La Paz
Instituto de Investigación La Paz
David J Lucier, MD, MBA, MPH
Instructor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Chair of Quality and Patient Safety, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital
Andrew M Luks, MD
Professor - Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine
Department of Medicine, University of Washington
Benedito C Maciel, MD, FACC
Full Professor of Medicine
Medical School of Ribeirao Preto
University of São Paulo, Brazil
Graeme MacLaren, MBBS, MSc, FRACP, FCICM
Critical care physician
National University Hospital, Singapore
The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
Christopher Madias, MD
Assistant Professor
Tufts University School of Medicine
Colm C Magee, MD, MPH, FRCPI
Clinical Lecturer in Medicine
Royal College of Surgeons
Simon A Mahler, MD, MS
Professor of Emergency Medicine
Wake Forest School of Medicine
Arshad Majid, MB, ChB, FRCP
Professor of Cerebrovascular Neurology and Consultant Neurologist
University of Sheffield
Jonathan C Makielski, MD, FACC
Emeritus Professor of Medicine
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Atul Malhotra, MD
Peter C Farrell Professor, Department of Medicine
University of California, San Diego
Andrew Malone, MB, BCh, MRCPI
Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Nephrology
Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine
Simon Maltais, MD, PhD
Montreal University Hospital Center
Montreal Heart Institute
Scott Manaker, MD, PhD
Section Editor — Critical Care
Professor of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Donna Mancini, MD
Section Editor — Heart Failure
Professor of Medicine
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Jess Mandel, MD
Section Editor — Pulmonary Vascular Disease
Kenneth M. Moser Professor of Medicine
Chief, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine
Vice-Chair for Education, Department of Internal Medicine
UC San Diego School of Medicine
Johannes FE Mann, MD
Professor of Medicine
Friedrich Alexander University of Erlangen-Nürnberg
International Scholar, Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Canada
Samuel J Mann, MD
Professor of Clinical Medicine
Division of Nephrology and Hypertension
NY Presbyterian Hospital – Weill Cornell Medical College
Warren J Manning, MD
Section Editor — Noninvasive Cardiac Imaging and Stress Testing
Professor of Medicine and Radiology
Harvard Medical School
Antonis S Manolis, MD
Professor of Cardiology
Athens University School of Medicine
Alvaro Marco del Castillo, MD
Professor of Medicine
University Hospital Ramon y Cajal
Joseph E Marine, MD, FACC, FHRS
Associate Professor of Medicine
Vice-Director, Division of Cardiology
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
J Antonio Marin-Neto, MD, PhD, FACC
Full Professor of Medicine
Head, Interventional Cardiology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine
Medical School of Ribeirao Preto
University of São Paulo, Brazil
Gary F Marklin, MD
Chief Medical Officer
Mid-America Transplant
Lawrence B Marks, MD
Department of Radiation Oncology
UNC Hospitals and University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Martin S Maron, MD
Section Editor — Myopericardial Disease
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Kathryn A Martin, MD
Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
Deputy Editor — Endocrinology and Patient Education
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Niels Martin, MD, FACS, FCCM
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Ronald Mastouri, MD, FACC
Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
Krannert Institute of Cardiology
Indiana University School of Medicine
David B Matchar, MD
Professor of Medicine and Pathology
Duke University Medical Center
Director, Program in Health Services and Systems Research
Duke-NUS Medical School
Melissa Mattison, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Addison K May, MD
Chief of Acute Care Surgery for Atrium Health and Professor of Surgery
University of North Carolina
Paul Mayo, MD
Professor of Clinical Medicine
Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine
Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell
Jennifer McArthur, DO
Associate Member, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital
Adjunct Associate Professor, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin
William McBride, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Internal Medicine
Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine
Mark O McCarron, MD, FRCP
Consultant Neurologist
Altnagelvin Hospital
John R McConaghy, MD, CPE, FAAFP
Professor, Family Medicine
Vice Chair, Quality
Associate Director, Family Medicine Residency
Rardin Family Practice
Peter A McCullough, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine (Affiliated)
Texas A&M University College of Medicine & Baylor University Medical Center
Colin McDonald, MD
Instructor in Neurology
Harvard Medical School
Michael L McGarvey, MD
Associate Professor of Neurology
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Stuart McGrane, MBChB
Anesthesiologist, Cardiovascular Anesthesiology
St. Thomas West, Nashville
William J McKenna, MD
Section Editor — Myopericardial Disease
Professor of Cardiology
University College, London
Christopher J McLeod, MB, ChB, PhD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Jakob I McSparron, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
Associate Director, Critical Care Medicine Unit
Associate Program Director, Fellowship in Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
University of Michigan
C Crawford Mechem, MD, FACEP
Professor of Emergency Medicine
Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
Jose R Medina-Inojosa, MD, M.Sc
Division of Preventive Cardiology
Department of Cardiovascular
Ankit Mehta, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Texas A&M College of Medicine, Dallas
Associate Program Director, Internal Medicine Residency, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas
James B Meigs, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Peter A Merkel, MD, MPH
Section Editor — Vasculitis
Chief, Division of Rheumatology
University of Pennsylvania
Steven R Messé, MD
Associate Professor of Neurology
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Theo E Meyer, MD, PhD
Section Editor — Heart Failure
Professor of Medicine
Interim Chief, Cardiology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMass Memorial Medical Center
Mark E Mikkelsen, MD, MSCE
Associate Professor of Medicine
Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
Chadwick Miller, MD, MS
Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
Wake Forest School of Medicine
Erica L Mitchell, MD, Med SE, FACS, DFSVS
Professor of Surgery, University of Tennessee
Medical Director, Vascular Institute at Regional One Health
Marc E Mitchell, MD
Professor of Surgery
University of Mississippi School of Medicine
Dania Mohty, MD, PhD
Professor of Cardiology
CHU Limoges, Limoges
Bruce A Molitoris, MD
Professor of Medicine
Indiana University School of Medicine
Joshua Mooney, MD, MS
Clinical Assistant Professor
Stanford University
Victor Mor-Avi, PhD
Research Associate (Professor)
University of Chicago
James P Morgan, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
David A Morrow, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
David B Mount, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Associate/Clinical Chief, Renal Division
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Renal Division, VA Boston
Dariush Mozaffarian, MD, DrPH
Dean of Friedman School of Nutrition Science & Policy
Jean Mayer Professor of Nutrition and Medicine
Tufts University
J Brent Muhlestein, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Utah
Michael T Mullen, MD
Assistant Professor of Neurology
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Gerald V Naccarelli, MD
Professor of Medicine
Penn State University College of Medicine
Arun Nagdev, MD
Director, Emergency Ultrasound
Alameda Health System
Highland General Hospital
Associate Clinical Professor
UCSF School of Medicine
Sherif F Nagueh, MD, FACC, FAHA, FASE
Professor of Medicine
Weill Cornell Medical College
Sanjiv M Narayan, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine
Stanford University School of Medicine
Robert S Negrin, MD
Section Editor — Bone Marrow Transplantation
Professor of Medicine
Stanford University School of Medicine
Tomas G Neilan, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Catherine Nelson-Piercy, MA, FRCP, FRCOG
Professor of Obstetric Medicine
Guy's & St. Thomas Foundation Trust
David G Neschis, MD
Clinical Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Richard W Nesto, MD
Chief Medical Officer
Beth Israel Lahey Health
Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Giora Netzer, MD, MSCE
Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Remi Neviere, MD
Professor
University Hospital CHU of Martinique
Jane W Newburger, MD, MPH
Commonwealth Professor of Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Jonathan D Newman, MD, MPH, FAHA, FACC
Eugene Braunwald MD Assistant Professor of Cardiology (Medicine)
The Leon H Charney Division of Cardiology
The Center for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease
New York University School of Medicine
Giampaolo Niccoli, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Cardiology
Catholic University of the Sacred Heart
Jose C Nicolau, MD, PhD, FACC
Professor of Medicine
University of Sao Paulo Medical School
Lynnette K Nieman, MD
Section Editor — Adrenal Disease
Senior Investigator
Bethesda, MD
Errol R Norwitz, MD, PhD, MBA
Professor of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Tufts University School of Medicine
President/CEO, Newton-Wellesley Hospital
Imre Noth, MD
Professor of Medicine Chief, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care
University of Virginia School of Medicine
Manoj Obeyesekere, MBBS, MD
Cardiac Electrophysiologist
Northern Health, Victoria, Australia
Liza C O'Dowd, MD
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Christopher S Ogilvy, MD
Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Mark D Okusa, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Virginia Health System
Jeffrey W Olin, DO
Professor of Medicine (Cardiology)
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Jamary Oliveira Filho, MD, MS, PhD
Jamary Oliveira-Filho, MD, MSc, PhD
Professor of Neurosciences
Federal University of Bahia, Brazil
Brian Olshansky, MD
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Adjunct Professor of Medicine
Des Moines University
Catherine M Otto, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Cardiovascular Medicine
Section Editor — Cardiac Evaluation; Valvular Disease
Professor of Medicine
University of Washington
Neha Pagidipati, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Cardiology
Duke University Medical School
Paul M Palevsky, MD
Section Editor — Acute Kidney Injury
Professor of Medicine
University of Pittsburgh
VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System
Biff F Palmer, MD
Professor of Internal Medicine
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Pratik Pandharipande, MD, MSCI
Professor of Anesthesiology and Surgery
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine
Vasileios Panoulas, MD, PhD, FESC, MRCP
Consultant interventional cardiologist,
Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust
Honorary Senior Lecturer, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London
Rod Passman, MD, MSCE
Professor of Medicine
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Ayan R Patel, MD
Professor of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine
Director, Cardiovascular Imaging & Hemodynamic Laboratory, Tufts Medical Center
Benjamin J Pearce, MD, FACS
Associate Professor and Program Director
Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Antonio Pelliccia, MD
Chief of Cardiology
Institute of Sport Medicine and Science, Rome, Italy
Constantino Pena, MD
Medical Director of Vascular Imaging
Miami Cardiac & Vascular Institute
Leigh Perreault, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus
Associate Professor of Epidemiology
Colorado School of Public Health
Holly Perry, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
University of Massachusetts School of Medicine
Stanton Perry, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics (Cardiology)
Stanford University
Ferande Peters, MBBCH FCP(SA) FESC FACC FRCP (London)
Associate Professor
Division of Cardiology, Flora Clinic
Cardiovascular Pathophysiology and Genomics Research Unit
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Douglas M Peterson, MD, MBA, FACP, FACSM
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Mayo Medical School
Michael X Pham, MD, MPH
Medical Director of the Center for Advanced Heart Failure Therapies
California Pacific Medical Center
Robert Phang, MD, FACC, FHRS
Electrophysiologist
Albany Associates in Cardiology
Michael Pignone, MD, MPH
Chair, Department of Medicine
The University of Texas at Austin
Dell Medical School
Ileana L Piña, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine
Wayne State University
Clinical Professor of Medicine
Central Michigan University
Duane S Pinto, MD, MPH
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Sorin Pislaru, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine
Department of Cardiovascular Diseases
Mayo Clinic
Philip J Podrid, MD, FACC
Professor of Medicine, Professor of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Boston University School of Medicine
Lecturer, Harvard Medical School
Marc A Pohl, MD
Past, Ray W. Gifford, Jr., MD Endowed Chair in Hypertension
Consultant Staff
Department of Nephrology and Hypertension
Glickman Urologic and Kidney Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Gerald M Pohost, MD, FACC, FAHA
Professor of Medicine, Loma Linda School of Medicine
Director of Cardiovascular Imaging
Westside Medical Imaging
Chief Medical Officer, Zhouxin Health management, Xiamen, Fujian, China
Athena Poppas, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Brown University School of Medicine
Raoul Poupon, MD
Professor of Hepatology and Gastroenterology
University Pierre et Marie Curie
UPMC, Sorbonne University, Paris, France
Charles N Pozner, MD
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Shyam Prabhakaran, MD, MS
Professor of Neurology
University of Chicago
Abhiram Prasad, MD
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Medical School
Jordan M Prutkin, MD, MHS, FHRS
Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Electrophysiology Section
University of Washington
Ching-Hon Pui, MD
Chair of the Department of Oncology
Fahad Al-Rashid Chair of Leukemia Research
St. Jude's Children's Hospital
American Cancer Society Professor
Professor of Pediatrics
University of Tennessee Health Science Center
Wajeh Y Qunibi, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Texas Health Sciences Center
Muhammad Yasir Qureshi, MBBS, FACC, FASE
Consultant, Pediatric Cardiology
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Mayo Clinic
Alejandro A Rabinstein, MD
Section Editor — Neurointensive
Professor of Neurology
Mayo Clinic
Jai Radhakrishnan, MD, MS
Professor of Medicine
Columbia University Medical Center
Ihsan M Rafie, MRCP
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Dalhousie University
Frederic F Rahbari-Oskoui, MD, MSCR
Professor of Medicine
Emory University School of Medicine
Muhammad Ramzan, MD
Assistant Professor of Neurology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Didier Raoult, MD, PhD
Faculté de Médecine
Aix Marseille Université
Anis Rassi, Jr, MD, PhD, FACC, FAHA, FACP
Scientific Director
Anis Rassi Hospital
Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil
Thomas D Rea, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine
University of Washington
Christine C Reardon, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Boston University School of Medicine
Guy S Reeder, MD
Section Editor — Coronary Disease
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Medical School
Evelyn Regar, MD, PhD, FESC
Director Research
Cardiovascular Surgery
University Hospital Zürich
John P Reilly, MD, MSCE
Assistant Professor of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine
Xiushui Ren, MD
Associate Research Director, Cardiology Fellowship
California Pacific Medical Center
Alex Reyentovich, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
NYU Langone School of Medicine
Bryan Ristow, MD, FACC, FASE, FACP
Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
Director of Echocardiography Laboratory, Contra Costa Regional Medical Center
Anne Roberts, MD
Professor of Radiology
UCSD Medical School
Darren M Roberts, MBBS, PhD, FRACP
Clinical Toxicologist
St. Vincent's Hospital Sydney and NSW Poisons Information Centre
Sydney Children's Hospital Network
Westmead, Australia
Don C Rockey, MD
Chairman, Department of Medicine
Medical University of South Carolina
Richard J Rodeheffer, MD
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Medical School
Guy Rordorf, MD
Associate Professor of Neurology
Harvard Medical School
Harold N Rosen, MD
Associate Professor in Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Ilene M Rosen, MD, MSCE
Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
James T Rosenbaum, MD
Professor of Ophthalmology, Medicine, and Cell Biology
Oregon Health & Science University
Chief of Ophthalmology
Devers Eye Institute, Portland, Oregon
Robert S Rosenson, MD
Section Editor — Lipids
Professor of Medicine
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Director, Cardiometabolic Disorders
Mount Sinai Heart
Mitchell H Rosner, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Virginia Health System
Douglas S Ross, MD
Section Editor — Thyroid Disease
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Natalia S Rost, MD, MPH
Professor of Neurology
Harvard Medical School
Jonah N Rubin, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Loyola University Medical Center
Lewis J Rubin, MD
Adjunct Professor of Medicine
College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University
Michael R Rudnick, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Lawrence Rudski, MD, FRCPC(C), FACC, FASE
Associate Professor of Medicine
McGill University
Director, Division of Cardiology
Jewish General Hospital
Bruce A Runyon, MD
Section Editor — Cirrhosis and Its Complications
Special Hepatology Consultant to the Indian Health Service
Northern Navajo Medical Center, Shiprock, New Mexico
Andrea M Russo, MD, FACC, FHRS
Professor of Medicine
Cooper Medical School of Rowan University
Thomas D Ryan, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
The Heart Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Samir Saba, MD
Chief of Cardiology
Co-Director, Heart and Vascular Institute
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Rommel Sagana, MD
Associate Professor, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
University of Michigan Medical Center
Michael Salerno, MD, PhD, MS
Associate Professor of Medicine, Radiology and Biomedical Engineering
University of Virginia Health System
Steven D Salhanick, MD
Staff Toxicologist
Children's Hospital Boston, and The Center for Poison Information & Control;
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
John R Saltzman, MD, FACP, FACG, FASGE, AGAF
Section Editor — Therapeutic and Diagnostic Endoscopy
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Owen B Samuels, MD
Professor of Neurology and Neurosurgery
Emory University
Carlos AQ Santos, MD, MPHS
Associate Professor of Medicine
Rush University Medical Center
Arun J Sanyal, MD
Professor of Medicine
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine
Gordon M Saperia, MD
Senior Deputy Editor — UpToDate
Deputy Editor — Cardiovascular Medicine
Nikolaus Sarafoff, MD
Klinikum der Ludwig Maximilians Universität
Munich, Germany
Babak Sarani, MD, FACS, FCCM
Professor of Surgery and Emergency Medicine
Director, Center for Trauma and Critical Care
George Washington University
Muhamed Saric, MD, PhD, FACC, FASE
Associate Professor of Medicine — Noninvasive Cardiology
New York University School of Medicine
Mark Sarnak, MD
Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
William H Sauer, MD
Director, Cardiac Electrophysiology
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Richard H Savel, MD, FCCM
Professor of Clinical Medicine
SUNY Downstate College of Medicine
Jacqueline Saw, MD, FRCPC, FACC
Clinical Professor
University of British Columbia
Vancouver General Hospital
Stephen G Sawada, MD
Feigenbaum Professor of Cardiology
Krannert Institute of Cardiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, IU Health
Deirdre Sawinski, MD, FAST
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Assistant Medical Director, Kidney Pancreas Transplantation
Renal Electrolyte and Hypertension Division
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Leslie A Saxon, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Southern California
Marielle Scherrer-Crosbie, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine
Division of Cardiology
University of Pennsylvania
Nelson B Schiller, MD, FACC, FRCP, FASE
Section Editor — Noninvasive Cardiac Imaging and Stress Testing
Professor of Medicine and Anesthesia
University of California, San Francisco
Andre Schmidt, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Head, Cardiology Division
Medical School of Ribeirao Preto - University of São Paulo, Brazil
Gregory A Schmidt, MD
Professor of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Diseases, Critical Care, and Occupational Medicine
University of Iowa
Peter J Schwartz, MD
Professor of Cardiology and Director of the Center for Cardiac Arrhythmias of Genetic Origin
Istituto Auxologico Italiano IRCCS
Richard M Schwartzstein, MD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Frank W Sellke, MD
Karlson Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Brown Medical School
David Seres, MD
Section Editor — Nutrition
Director of Medical Nutrition
Professor of Medicine in the Institute for Human Nutrition
Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons
Daniel J Sexton, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
Section Editor — Bacterial Infections
Professor of Medicine
Duke University Medical Center
Elizabeth Shane, MD
Professor of Medicine
Columbia University Irving Medical Center
Oz M Shapira, MD
Professor and Chairman
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery
The Hebrew University, Israel
Ron Shapiro, MD
Professor of Surgery
Surgical Director, Kidney/Pancreas Transplant Program
Mount Sinai Hospital - Recanati Miller Transplantation Institute
David M Shavelle, MD
Associate Clinical Professor
University of Southern California
Evelyn K Shih, MD, PhD
Instructor, Division of Neurology
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Claire L Shovlin, PhD, FRCP
Professor of Practice (Clinical and Molecular Medicine), NHLI Cardiovascular Sciences
Imperial College, London
Farhan Siddiq, MD
Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery
University of Missouri School of Medicine
Mark D Siegel, MD
Professor of Medicine
Yale University School of Medicine
Reed Siemieniuk, MD
General internist and Health research methodologist
Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, McMaster University
Edward D Siew, MD, MSCI
Associate Professor of Medicine
Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Vanderbilt Center for Kidney Disease (VCKD)
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Arthur J Silvergleid, MD
Section Editor — Transfusion Medicine
Affiliate Associate Professor, Department of Pathology and Cell Biology
University of South Florida, College of Medicine
Medical Director, OneBlood, Inc
Candice Silversides, MD, MS, FRCPC
Section Editor — Congenital Heart Disease
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Toronto
Marcus V Simões, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Cardiology Division, Department of Internal Medicine
Medical School of Ribeirao Preto
University of São Paulo, Brazil
Michael Simons, MD
Robert W Berliner Professor of Medicine
Yale University School of Medicine
Daniel E Singer, MD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Lianne G Singer, MD, FRCPC
Professor of Medicine
University of Toronto
Robert J Singer, MD
Director, Neurovascular Therapeutics
Menorah Medical Center
Aneesh Singhal, MD
Associate Professor of Neurology
Harvard Medical School
Samuel C Siu, MD, SM, MBA
Professor of Medicine
Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Western Ontario
Adjunct Professor of Medicine, Obstetrics, and Gynecology
University of Toronto
Marco L A Sivilotti, MD, MSc, FRCPC, FACMT, FAACT
Professor of Emergency Medicine and of Biomedical & Molecular Sciences
Queen's University, Kingston Canada
Arthur S Slutsky, MD
Professor of Medicine, Surgery and Biomedical Engineering
University of Toronto School of Medicine
C Christopher Smith, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Edward R Smith, MD
Department of Neurosurgery
Children's Hospital Boston
Harvard Medical School
Timothy W Smith, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Washington University School of Medicine
Daniel H Solomon, MD, MPH
Matthew H. Liang Distinguished Chair in Arthritis and Population Health
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Prem Soman, MD, PhD, FACC, FRCP (UK)
Associate Professor of Medicine, and Clinical and Translational Science
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Paul Sorajja, MD
Director, Center for Valve and Structural Heart Disease
Minneapolis Heart Institute
Matthew J Sorrentino, MD, FACC
Professor of Medicine
Pritzker School of Medicine of the University of Chicago
Denis Spelman, MBBS, FRACP, FRCPA, MPH
Section Editor — Bacterial Infections
Adjunct Professor
Monash University
Peter C Spittell, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Mayo Medical School
David Spragg, MD, FHRS
Associate Professor of Medicine
Johns Hopkins Hospital and Bayview Medical Center
M Barbara Srichai, MD, MS, FACC, FAHA
Associate Professor
Georgetown University School of Medicine
Renee D Stapleton, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine
University of Vermont Larner College of Medicine
Paul Stark, MD
Professor of Radiology
University of California San Diego
Mark M Stecker, MD, PhD, FAAN, FACNS, FASNM
President
Fresno Institute of Neuroscience
Andrew Steer, MBBS, PhD, FRACP
Honorary Professor
Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne
Pediatric Infectious Diseases Physician, Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne
Director, Infection and Immunity Research Theme, Murdoch Children's Research Institute
James H Stein, MD
Robert Turell Professor in Cardiovascular Research
Director, Preventive Cardiology
Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Medicine Division
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics
Phyllis K Stein, PhD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Washington University School of Medicine HRV Lab
Richard H Sterns, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
Section Editor — Fluid and Electrolytes
Professor Emeritus
University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry
Dennis L Stevens, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine
University of Washington School of Medicine
Garrick C. Stewart, MD MPH
Associate Physician, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
Brigham and Women’s Hospital
Lotte CA Stiekema, MD
Amsterdam University Medical Centers
Amsterdam
Martin K Stiles, MB ChB, PhD, FRACP, FHRS
Waikato Hospital and The University of Auckland, New Zealand
Andrew Stolbach, MD, MPH, FAACT, FACMT, FACEP
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Johns Hopkins University
Patrick Stone, MD, FACS, RVT, RPVI
Professor of Surgery
Division of Vascular Surgery
Vanderbilt University
Jason Stout, MD
Professor of Medicine
Duke University Medical Center
Karen Stout, MD
Professor
Cardiology/Medicine and Pediatrics
University of Washington
Lisa Strate, MD, MPH
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Washington Medical School
Erik SG Stroes, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine
Amsterdam University Medical Centers
University of Amsterdam
Jason R Stubbs, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Division of Nephrology & Hypertension
University of Kansas Medical Center
Mark Su, MD, MPH
Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
New York University School of Medicine
Rakesh M Suri, MD, DPhil
Professor of Surgery
Cleveland Clinic
Nijasri Charnnarong Suwanwela, MD
Professor of Neurology
Chulalongkorn University Medical School
Anna Svatikova, MD, PhD
Senior Associate Consultant, Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic
Assistant Professor of Medicine, Mayo Clinic
Lynne Sylvia, PharmD
Senior Clinical Pharmacy Specialist, Tufts Medical Center
Clinical Professor, Northeastern University, School of Pharmacy
Harold Szerlip, MD, FACP, FCCP, FASN, FNKF
Director, Nephrology Division, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas
Program Director, Nephrology Training Program, Baylor University Medical Center
Clinical Professor of Medicine, Texas A&M College of Medicine
Adjunct Professor of Medicine, Texas College of Osteopathic Medicine
Matthew D Sztajnkrycer, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Mayo Medical School
Nathan Taggart, MD, FACC, FSCAI
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Division of Pediatric Cardiology
Mayo Clinic
Ahmed Reda Taha, MD, MRCP, FRCP, FCCP, EDIC, FCCM
Privileged Consultant Critical Care, Adult Cardiac and Transplant Intensive Care
Institute of Critical Care Medicine, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City - Abu Dhabi
A Jamil Tajik, MD
Thomas J. Watson Jr Professor (Emeritus)
Mayo Clinic
President Aurora Cardiovascular
Aurora St. Luke's Medical Center
Hector Tamez, MD, MPH
Instructor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Christine C Tangney, PhD
Professor of Clinical Nutrition
Rush University Medical Center
Udaya S Tantry, PhD
Sinai Center for Thrombosis Research
Sinai Hospital of Baltimore
Victor F Tapson, MD
Professor of Medicine
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Giuseppe Tarantini, MD, PhD, FESC
Associate Professor
Padova University Hospital
Jason Tarkin, MBBS, PhD, MRCP
Clinical Lecturer in Cardiovascular Medicine
University of Cambridge
National Heart & Lung Institute, Imperial College London
Robert A Taylor, MD
Stroke and Neurovascular Center of Central California
Santa Barbara Cottage Hospital
Pablo Tebas, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania
Stephen Textor, MD
Professor of Medicine
Division of Nephrology and Hypertension
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Rochester, Minnesota
Arthur C Theodore, MD
Clinical Professor of Medicine
Boston University School of Medicine
Holger Thiele, MD, FESC
Professor of Medicine
Director
Heart Center Leipzig at University of Leipzig
George Thomas, MD, MPH, FACP, FASN
Director, Center for Blood Pressure Disorders, Cleveland Clinic
Assistant Professor, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
B Taylor Thompson, MD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Carey C Thomson, MD, MPH
Associate Professor,
Harvard Medical School
Kevin Thornton, MD
Clinical Professor
University of California San Francisco School of Medicine
Karen J Tietze, PharmD
Professor of Clinical Pharmacy
Philadelphia College of Pharmacy
University of the Sciences in Philadelphia
Hadi D Toeg, MD, MSc, MPH, FRCSC
Assistant Professor of Cardiac Surgery
Northwestern Medicine, Northwestern University
Geoffrey H Tofler, MD
Professor of Cardiology
University of Sydney, Australia
Research Fellow
Harvard Medical School
Raymond R Townsend, MD
Professor of Medicine
Perelman School of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania
Cynthia M Tracy, MD
Professor of Medicine
George Washington University School of Medicine
Debasish Tripathy, MD
Professor and Chair, Department of Breast Medical Oncology
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Quynh A Truong, MD, MPH, FACC, FAHA, FSCCT
Director of Cardiac CT Research
Associate Professor of Radiology and Medicine
New York Presbyterian Hospital
Weill Cornell Medicine
Wendy Tsang, MD
Assistant Professor
Toronto General Hospital
University of Toronto
Tanya N Turan, MD, MSCR
Professor of Neurology
Medical University of South Carolina
Troy Tuttle, MS
Exercise Physiologist
University of Texas Medical School at Houston
James E Udelson, MD, FACC
Professor of Medicine and Radiology
Tufts University School of Medicine
Thomas J Vander Salm, MD
Clinical Professor
Harvard Medical School
Joseph Varon, MD, FACP, FCCP, FCCM, FRSM
Professor of Acute and Continuing Care, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Clinical Professor of Medicine, The University of Texas Medical Branch
Ramachandran S Vasan, MD, DM, FACC
Professor of Medicine
Boston University School of Medicine
Santhi Swaroop Vege, MD
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic
Larissa I Velez, MD
Professor of Emergency Medicine
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
John Vella, MD, FACP, FRCP, FASN, FAST
Section Editor — Kidney Transplantation
Associate Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Ashley H Vernon, MD
Instructor in Surgery
Brigham and Women’s Hospital/Harvard Medical School
Sandeep Vijan, MD
Professor of Internal Medicine
University of Michigan
Todd C Villines, MD, FACC, FAHA, MSCCT
Julian Ruffin Beckwith Professor of Medicine
University of Virginia Health System
Renu Virmani, MD
President & Medical Director
CVPath Institute, Inc.
Clinical Professor of Pathology
Georgetown University
Clinical Professor of Pathology
George Washington University
Francine J Vriesendorp, MD
Professor of Neurology
SUNY Upstate Medical University
Frans J Th Wackers, MD, PhD
Professor Emeritus of Diagnostic Radiology and Medicine
Yale University School of Medicine
Carol A Waksmonski, MD
Professor of Medicine
Columbia University Medical Center
Allan Walkey, MD, MSc
Associate Professor of Medicine
The Pulmonary Center, Boston University School of Medicine
Edward P Walsh, MD
Chief, Cardiac Electrophysiology, Boston Children’s Hospital
Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School
Andrew Wang, MD
Professor of Medicine
Duke University Health System
Grace J Wang, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Kathryn W Weibrecht, MD
Emergency Medicine Physician
Morton Hospital
Marilyn Weigner, MD, FACC
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University
Aaron S Weinberg, MD, MPhil
Pulmonary & Critical Care Academic Faculty Physician at Cedars Sinai Medical Center
Associate Director of VTE Disease & Research
Steven E Weinberger, MD
Adjunct Professor of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Executive Vice President and CEO Emeritus
American College of Physicians
Gerald L Weinhouse, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Jonathan Weinstock, MD, FACC, FHRS
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Neil J Weissman, MD
Professor of Medicine
Georgetown University School of Medicine
Jeffrey Weitz, MD
Professor of Medicine and Biochemistry
McMaster University
Peter F Weller, MD, MACP
Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
Section Editor — Tropical Medicine
William Bosworth Castle Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Professor of Immunology and Infectious Diseases
Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health
Matthew Wemple, MD
Assistant Professor – Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
University of Washington School of Medicine
Patrick Y Wen, MD
Section Editor — Neurooncology
Professor of Neurology
Harvard Medical School
Nanette K Wenger, MD
Professor of Medicine (Cardiology)
Emory University School of Medicine
Howard (Jack) West, MD
Section Editor — Lung Cancer
Associate Clinical Professor
City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center
Duarte, CA
Douglas B White, MD, MAS
Vice Chair and Professor of Critical Care Medicine; Director, Program on Ethics and Critical Care Medicine
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
R Jay Widmer, MD, PhD
Clinical Assistant Professor
Baylor Scott & White
Michael Wiederkehr, MD
Associate Professor, Department of Internal Medicine
Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, Dallas
Christina A Wilson, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Neurology
University of Florida
Peter WF Wilson, MD
Professor of Medicine
Emory University School of Medicine
Stephan Windecker, MD
Section Editor — Coronary Heart Disease
Professor of Medicine
Department of Cardiology
Bern University Hospital
Gordon J Wood, MD, MSCI, FAAPHM
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Section of Palliative Medicine Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Raymond L Woosley, MD, PhD
Professor, Biomedical Informatics and Medicine
College of Medicine-Phoenix, University of Arizona
Michael J Wright, MBChB, MSc
Consultant in Clinical Genetics
Northern Genetics Service
Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
John V Wylie, MD, FACC
Associate Professor of Medicine
Tufts University of Medicine
Rashmi Yadav, MBBS, PhD, FRCS(CTh)
Consultant Cardiac Surgeon
Royal Brompton Hospital
Frank G Yanowitz, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Utah School of Medicine
Sing-Chien Yap, MD, PhD
Cardiac Electrophsyiologist
Erasmus Medical Center
University Medical Center Rotterdam
Robert Yeh, MD, MSc
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Derek M Yellon, PhD, DSc, Hon FRCP, FACC, FESC
Professor of Molecular & Cellular Cardiology
University College London
Susan B Yeon, MD, JD, FACC
Deputy Editor — Cardiovascular Medicine
G Bryan Young, MD, FRCPC
Professor of Neurology
University of Western Ontario, Canada
Michael P Young, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Nevada at Reno School of Medicine
William F Young, Jr, MD, MSc
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Alan S L Yu, MB, BChir
Harry Statland and Solon Summerfield Professor of Medicine
University of Kansas Medical Center
Theodore H Yuo, MD, MSc
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Ken Zafren, MD, FAAEM, FACEP, FAWM
Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine
Stanford University Medical Center
Former Emergency Programs Medical Director, State of Alaska
Pepe Zamorano, MD
Head of Cardiology
University Hospital Ramon y Cajal
James L Zehnder, MD
Professor of Pathology and Medicine (Hematology)
Stanford University School of Medicine
Xue-Qiao Zhao, MD, FACC
Research Professor of Medicine
University of Washington
Peter J Zimetbaum, MD
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
William A Zoghbi, MD, FASE, FAHA, MACC
Section Editor — Valve Disease
Professor and Chairman
Department of Cardiology
Elkins Family Distinguished Chair in Cardiac Health
Houston Methodist DeBakey Heart & Vascular Center
Houston Methodist Hospital
Liesl Zühlke, MBChB DCH FCPaeds Cert Card MPH FESC FACC MSc PhD
Professor
Paediatric Cardiology and Director of Children’s Heart Disease Research Unit
Division of Paediatric Cardiology, Department of Paediatrics
Red Cross War Memorial Children’s Hospital
Cape Town, South Africa

Peer Reviewers

J Dawn Abbott, MD, FACC
Section Editor — Interventional Cardiology
Professor of Medicine
Brown Medical School
Harry Acquatella, MD, FACC, FAHA
Professor of Medicine
Universidad Central de Venezuela
Hanna Ahmed, MD, MPH, FACC
Assistant Professor, University of Massachusetts Medical School
Staff Cardiologist, UMass Memorial Medical Center
Christine H Attenhofer-Jost, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Zurich
Klinik Im Park, Zurich Switzerland
Gerard P Aurigemma, MD
Professor of Medicine and Radiology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
David S Bader, MD, FACC
South County Cardiology Associates
Wakefield, RI
Geoffrey Barnes, MD, MSc
Assistant Professor
Cardiovascular Medicine and Vascular Medicine
University of Michigan Health System
Richard C Becker, MD
Mabel Stearns Stonehill Endowed Professor of Medicine
Chief, Division of Cardiovascular Health and Disease
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
Director and Physician-in-Chief
Heart, Lung, and Vascular Institute
University of Cincinnati/UC Health
Alan C Braverman, MD
Alumni Endowed Professor in Cardiovascular Diseases
Professor of Medicine
Washington University School of Medicine
Director, Marfan Syndrome and Aortopathy Clinic
Director, Inpatient Cardiology Firm
Stephen JD Brecker, MD, FRCP, FESC, FACC
Section Editor — Valvular and Aortic Disease
Chief of Cardiology
Clinical Academic Group
St. George's Hospital & University of London
Alida LP Caforio, MD, PhD, FESC
Associate Professor of Cardiology
Department of Cardiological Thoracic and Vascular Sciences and Public Health
University of Padova
James H Caldwell, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Washington
David J Callans, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Panithaya Chareonthaitawee, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Patrick J Commerford, MD
Professor Emeritus
Division of Cardiology
Department of Medicine
University of Cape Town
Salvatore P Costa, MD, FACC, FASE
Associate Professor of Medicine
Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth
Donald Cutlip, MD
Section Editor — Interventional Cardiology
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Creighton W. Don, MD, PhD
Creighton W. Don, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Medicine/Cardiology
University of Washington
Brian C Downey, MD, FACC
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Mark H Drazner, MD, MSc
Professor
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
Michael S Emery, MD
Assistant Professor of Cardiology
University of South Carolina School of Medicine
N A Mark Estes, III, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Cardiovascular Medicine
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Professor of Medicine
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Brendan M Everett, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor
Harvard Medical School.
Michael A Fifer, MD
Director, Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Program
Massachusetts General Hospital
Michael R Foley, MD
Professor
University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix
Ann C Garlitski, MD, FACC, FHRS
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Matthias Greutmann, MD, FESC
Section Editor — Congenital Heart Disease
Head, Congenital Heart Disease Unit
University Heart Center
Phillip Harris, BSc (med), MB, PhD, FRACP, FACC, FCSANZ
Executive Clinical Director
Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Australia
Carolyn Yung Ho, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School
John L Jefferies, MD, MPH, FACC, FAHA
Jay Michael Sullivan Distinguished Chair in Cardiology
Professor and Chief, Division of Adult Cardiovascular Diseases
Director, Methodist University of Tennessee Cardiovascular Institute
Director, Methodist Cardiovascular Service Line
Professor, Pediatric Cardiology, Le Bonheur Children’s Hospital
Peter Kowey, MD, FACC, FAHA, FHRS
Section Editor — Arrhythmias
Professor of Medicine and Clinical Pharmacology
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA
Mark S Link, MD
Section Editor — Cardiac Arrhythmias
Professor of Medicine
UT Southwestern Medical Center
May Ling Mah, MD, MS
Assistant Professor
Ohio State University Adult Congenital Heart Disease Program
Nationwide Children's Hospital
Daniel Mark, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine
Vice Chief for Academic Affairs
Division of Cardiology
Department of Medicine
Duke University Medical Center
Director, Outcomes Research
Duke Clinical Research Institute
Martin S Maron, MD
Section Editor — Myopericardial Disease
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Kevin Marzo, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
State University of New York, Stony Brook School of Medicine
Elie Mouhayar, MD, FACC, FSVM
Professor of Medicine
Department of Cardiology
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer
Eliano P Navarese, MD, PhD, FESC
Associate Professor of Medicine
Heinrich-Heine University
Rod Passman, MD, MSCE
Professor of Medicine
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Youssef Rahban, MD
Interventional, Advanced Heart Failure & Transplant Cardiology
Assistant Professor
Melvyn Rubenfire, MD
Professor of Internal Medicine
University of Michigan Health Systems
Candice Silversides, MD, MS, FRCPC
Section Editor — Congenital Heart Disease
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Toronto
Richard H Sohn, MD, FACC
Director, Cardiovascular Laboratories
Providence Heart & Vascular Institute
Providence St. Vincent Medical Center
Matthew J Sorrentino, MD, FACC
Professor of Medicine
Pritzker School of Medicine of the University of Chicago
Ruey Jen Sung, MD, FACC, FAHA
Director of Clinical Electrophysiology
Stanford University School of Medicine
Lynne Sylvia, PharmD
Senior Clinical Pharmacy Specialist, Tufts Medical Center
Clinical Professor, Northeastern University, School of Pharmacy
Gerda Tautermann, MD
Cardiologist
Academic Teaching Hospital, Feldkirch, Austria
Mintu Turakhia, MD, MAS
Director of Cardiac Electrophysiology, VA Palo Alto Health Care System
Assistant Professor of Medicine, Stanford University
Anne Marie Valente, MD
Section Editor — Cardiac Anesthesia
Associate Professor
Medicine and Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Edward P Walsh, MD
Chief, Cardiac Electrophysiology, Boston Children’s Hospital
Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School
Sergio Waxman, MD
Chief, Cardiology Division
Newark Beth Israel Medical Center
Eric Yang, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic