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خرید پکیج
تعداد ایتم قابل مشاهده باقیمانده : 3 مورد
نسخه الکترونیک
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Clinical sequelae of pica by item ingested

Clinical sequelae of pica by item ingested
Item of pica craving Potential clinical sequelae
Earth, including soil or other earth-rich items such as adobe, clay preparations, pottery, or bean stones
  • Low gestational weight gain
  • Constipation, intestinal obstruction
  • Micronutrient and trace mineral deficiencies
  • Hypokalemia and other electrolyte abnormalities
  • Exposure to toxins (eg, lead, arsenic, mercury, cadmium, organic pollutants)
  • Infection (microbial, parasites found in soil, including Toxoplasma and Toxocara)
  • Reduced effectiveness of medications
Raw starches, including cornstarch, laundry starch, raw rice, flour, raw wheat
  • Excessive weight gain
  • Poor glucose control in women with diabetes
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Jaw pain, dental damage
Baking powder, baking soda
  • Electrolyte abnormalities
  • Metabolic alkalosis
  • Hypertension, edema
Ice
  • Low gestational weight gain
  • Jaw pain, dental damage
  • Hyponatremia
Foam, cloth
  • Bezoar
  • Intestinal obstruction
Paper, cardboard
  • Gastrointestinal obstruction
  • Exposure to toxins in ink
Toothpaste
  • Fluoride toxicity
  • Fluorosis in offspring
  • Hypertension, edema
Coffee grounds
  • Caffeine toxicity
Cigarette filters
  • Nicotine toxicity
Chemicals, paint
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Lead toxicity
Bleach
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Internal burns
Chalk
  • Lead toxicity
Burnt matches
  • Hyperkalemia
  • Neonatal hemolysis
  • Hyperbilirubinemia
  • Hepatic injury
Mothballs (naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene)
  • Fetus/newborn: Methemoglobinemia, hypotension, hemolytic anemia, and hyperbilirubinemia; other hepatic, renal, and respiratory complications
  • Mother: Hematologic, gastrointestinal, renal, neurologic, hepatic, central nervous system, and cardiorespiratory effects 
Hair
  • Abdominal pain
  • Bezoar
Laundry detergent
  • Gastritis, esophagitis
Talc
  • Cough, oropharyngeal irritation
  • Vomiting, diarrhea
  • Chest pain, shortness of breath, decreased blood pressure
  • Fever
Graphic 100150 Version 5.0